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OAMS123

Medical Terminology Chapter 10 - Pathology and Procedures

TermDefinition
brain tumors abnormal growth of the brain.
cerebrovascular accident (stroke) (CVA) when the blood flow in the brain is impeded.
glioma most common tumor. glial mass tumor.
astrocytoma star cell tumor
oligodendrogliomas tumor of the oligodendrocytes.
glioblastoma Rapidly growing malignant tumor of the brain.
thrombotic blood clot in the brain
atheroclerosis cause of thrombotic stroke
transient ischemic attacks non-sustained episodes of neurological dysfunction.
hemorrhagic when a blood vessel breaks and bleeding into the brain occurs.
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of CSF in the brain.
tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) dissolve the clot blocking the vessel.
Spina bifida congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column where the lumbar parts do not develop properly.
Alzheimer's disease brain disorder where a gradual yet progressive mental deterioration is seen, along side of personality changes and general impaired functioning.
Epilepsy chronic brain disease characterized by recurrent seizures.
multiple sclerosis when the myelin sheath is destroyed on the neurons and replaced by sclerotic tissue.
ictal event pertaining to a sudden, acute, onset, as the convulsion of an epileptic seizure.
palsy paralysis of a variety of types.
cerebral palsy caused form hypoxia during pregnancy or post delivery.
bell palsy paralysis on one side of the face.
parkinson's disease degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia.
herpes zoster (shingles) viral infection impacting on the peripheral nerves .
Meningitis inflammation of the meninges.
cerebral concussion traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head.
cerebral contusion bruising of brain tissue as a result of trauma to the head.
cerebral angiography x-ray imaging of the arterial vessels in the brain after contrast injection.
Positron emission tomography scan (PET Scan) when radioactive glucose injected then visualized on brain imaging to detect metabolism in the brain cells.
lumbar puncture when CSF is withdrawn for analysis.
stereotactic radiosurgery specific instrument used to locate and treat specific abnormal structures on the brain.
Created by: espinosaa3
 

 



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