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Lab #1 Definitions

First Lab test definitions

Reproduction produce again
Autoregulation cells self regulate
Hypothalamus specialized stuctures of enocrine system that produce hormones for regulation
Pericardial located around the heart
Avascular w/out blood flow
Endocrine system of specialized structures that produce hormones for regulation
Tachycardia elevated resting heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)
Bradycardia depressed resting heart rate (less than 40 beats per minute)
Cardiopulminary heart and lungs linked through symmorphosis
Adenosine bisphosphate (ADP) or triphosphate (ATP) biological fuel
Cutaneous surface of the skin
Subcutaneous below the surface of the skin
Cytogenetics inheritable characteristics of cells
Oligodendrocyte specialized nerve cell that produces myelin
Hepatocyte liver cell
Leukocyte white blood cell
Macrophage immune cell that eats large quantaties (can eat 100 bacteria)
Microphage immune cell that eats small quantaties (neutrophil)
Decomposition breakdown to elemental particles (decay)
Metabolism sum of chemical reactions
Catabolism biochemical reactions that break things apart (to dissassemble)
Anabolism biochemical reactions that build things up
Hydrophilic water loving (soluble in water-carbs and proteins)
Hydrophobic water fearing (not water soluble-fats)
Amphiphatic molecule w/hydrophilic head and hydrophobic tail
Colloid mixture that is not solid and not liquid
Hydrostatic pressure of fluids when in equal librium
Glucose simple sugar
Glycogen stored sugar
Glycolosis converting glucose into ATP
Hyperkalemia elevated potassium in blood
Hypokalemia depressed potassium in blood
Deoxyribonucleicacid (DNA) template of life
Glycoproteins signaling molecule of glucose and protein-receptor on outside of cell
Extracellular outside cells
Intracellular inside cells
Interstitual inbetween cells
Epithelial classification of tissues that line or cover
Erythrocyte red blood cells
Epigastric located above the stomach
Hemocytology study of blood cells
Cellulitis inflammation of the cells
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver
Lipolysis breaking apart of lipids for ATP
Microvascular small blood network ex. capillaries
Myocardia muscle portion of the heart
Pathology study of disease
Supraglenoid Fossa located above shallow portion of glenoid
Glycocalyx signaling molecule
Cytoskeleton framework of the cell
Microfilaments proteins that make up the cytoskeleton
Microtubules proteins that make up the cytoskeleton
Myosin special muscle protein
Microvilli-structures that increase surface area to increase absorption
Cytosol fluid portion of cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum site for protein synthesis, fat, and CHO modefication
Autolysis self breakdown or destruction of cell by own action
Denaturation breaking apart of proteins
Perinuclear around the nucleus
Transcription DNA-->RNA
Monosaccharide single sugar
polypeptides large proteins
Cytokinesis movement of cells
Endocytosis pushing particles out of the cell
Exocytosis bringing particles in the cell
Created by: adeannem



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