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Euro History Chap. 9

What was The Black Death named for? The discoloration of the body
Who were blamed as the cause of the Black Death? The Jews
Who are the Flagellants? People that believed that beating themselves until they bled would bring divine intervention.
Who gained power after the Black Plague? Skilled Artisans
What economic powers came from the Black Plague? Trade guilds and artisans
What caused the Hundred Years' War? It was caused by English King Edward III. He claimed power over the French Throne after the death of Charles IV.
Why were the English successful during the Hundred Years' War? Its military superiority and its use of the Longbow.
Why were the French weak during the Hundred Years' War? Because of its territorial infighting and its lack of leadership.
What did The Peace of Bretigny proclaim? It said that it recognized English holdings in France.
Why did the French accept The Peace of Bretigny? It would make Edward III renounce his claim to the French throne.
Who is the warrior that claimed to hear voices of God and led France to victory in the Battle of Orleans? Joan of Arc
Clericis laicos Forbade taxiation of the clergy without papal approval
Unam Sanctum Declared that teporal authority was subject to the power of the churchr
Who moved the papacy to Avignon? Pope Clement V.
Why was the papacy moved to Avignon? To avoid the French king and Rome.
Who was the leader of the Lollards? John Wycliffe
Who was the leader of the Hussites? John Huss
What did the Lollards and the Hussites protest? The rights of the papacy
What caused The Great Schism? When Pope Clement VII was elected by a group of cardinals, five months after the cardinals had elected an Italian archbishop, Pope Urban VI.
Who was the third pope elected during The Great Schism? Alexander V
The Council of Constance Met during the time of the Great Schism. Wrote a document known as Sacrosancta that recognized the Roman pope Gregory XII as the one ruling pope.
Created by: b1gb0551337