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chapter 10

Italian Renaissance (1375-1527) rebirth in Italy-Treaty of Lodi, Medici, Visconti, League of Venice- Florence, Milan, Venice are major city-states
Treaty of Lodi (1454-1455)alliance between Naples, Milan, and Florence and their rivals, Venice and the Papal States
Cosimo de Medici wealthy Florentine manipualated elections and influenced Signoria, grandfather of Lorenzo the Magnificent
Lorenzo the Magnificent totalitarian in Florence from 1478-92, grandson of Cosimo Medici
Piero de Medici allied with Naples against Milan- exiled after giving Pisa and other Florentine possesion to Charles VIII of France
Signoria local council of Florence
Visconti rules Milan 1278-1450 without constraint or competition
Sforza ruled after Visconti without constraint or competition- Ludovico il Moro
Ludovico il Moro Sforza asked for French aid against Naples- resulted in French power over Florence
League of Venice counter-alliance to protect Venice, Milan, Papal States, Maximilian I of France by Ferdinand of Aragon
Ferdinand and Isabella married as two powers of Spain- mass conversion of Spain to catholicism and powerhouse that secured boarders
Humanism study of ideals expressed in Latin and Greek classics and works of antiquity- innovative educators who believed in well-rounded education- study included rhetoric, politics, moral philosophy, poetry, history, and and biblical and classical sources
Baldassare Castiglione author of Book of the Courtier- humanist
Florentine Platonic Academy allowed humanists to devote time to studying Plato and the Neoplatonists
Francesco Petrarch "father of humanism"
Northern Renaissance spread by the French invasion of Italy and Italian scholars- more interested in religious reform
Desiderius Erasmus northern humanist tried to unite classical and christian ideals of civic virtue in his writings
Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas- landing in Cuba
Amerigo Vespucci first to make it to India by sea, rounding the Cape of Good Hope
Ferdinand Magellan his crews were the first to circumnavigate the world- he was murdered in the Philipines
Created by: cjlenox