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CH 1,2,3


Changes constantly occur within the body, and yet a steady state called______is generally maintained. homeostasis
____can be defined as a state of functional disequilibrium, a change in function or structure that is considered to be abnormal. Disease
An____disease has a sudden onset and a short term. acute
____are objective evidence of disease observed on physical examination. Signs
____are subjective indications of disease reported by the patient. Symptoms
____, the determination of the nature of a disease, is based on many factors Diagnosis
Diseases that will end in death are called____ terminal
____is a measure of the disability and extent of illness caused by a disease. Morbidity
If the cause of a disease is not known, it is said to be____. idiopathic
The physician, having made a diagnosis, may state the____of the disease, or the predicted course oand outcome of the disease. prognosis
Pain is a sign. False it is a symptom
Physiology is the study of disease. False pathology is the study
The common cold is an examply of a chronic disease. False it is an acute disease
Leukemia may go into remission. True
Complications can aarise from inactivity. True
Anemia is an example of a sequela. False it is a complication
Paralysis of polio is an example of a complication. False it is a sequela
Cancer is the leading cause of death in the US. False heart disease is
Infertility can relapse. False
Diabetes is a chronic disease. True
What is a Relapse? Disease returns weeks or monts after its apparent cessation
What is a Biopsy? Surgical removal and analysis of tissue samples
What is Etiology? Cause of disease
What is a Sequela? The aftermath of a particular disease
What is Pathogenesis? The source or cause of a disease, together with its development
What is a Syndrome? Certain sets of signs and symptoms occur concurrently in some diseases
What are Complications? Diseases that develop in a person already suffering from a disease
What is a Remission? The signs and symptoms of achronic disease at times subside
What is Mortality? Measure of the number of deaths attributed to a disease in a given population over a given period of time
What is Chronic? A disease may begin insidiously and be long-lived
Bacteria that cause pus formation are called____bacteria. Supparative
Cross-matching for a blood transfusion must match blood type and____. rH factor
A____consists of a low dose of dead ro deactivated bacteria or viruses. vaccine
Stress causes and increased production of the hormone____. cortisol
____cells are a type of leukocyte that recognize body cells with abnormal membranes. Natural killer
The causative agents that initiate an allergy response are called____. allergens
The causative agend of AIDS is the___. HIV (Human munodifiency virus)
The damaged tissue releases a substance called____. histamine
In____, the person is given a vaccine or a toxoid as the antigen, and he or she forms antibodies to counteract it. active immunity
____defense mechanisms are effective against any foreign agen that enter the body and are referred to as innate immunity. Nonspecific
HIV can be transmitted through saliva. False only through contaminated body fluid (blood, semen, breastmilk, vaginal secretions)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a contagious inflammatory disease. False it is noncontagious
The cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is known. False it is unknown
Fever is the body's first line of defense. False immunis system is
HIV is a retrovirus. True
T cells form antibodies. False plasma cells do
Specific defense mechanisms are effective agains particular identified foreign agents and are referred to as acquired immunity. True
Type I hypersensitivities are labled cytotoxic or cytolytic, and involve IgM or IgG interacting with foreign cells to cause their destruction. False Type II
The excessive production of white cells is called leukocytosis. True
Fever is not something that should always be eliminated, but should be monitored closely. True
The cardinal signs and symptoms of inflammation Redness, swelling, heat, and pain
Scleroderma Chronic, progressive autoimmune disorder of the skin
Phagocytosis cellular eating
IgM protects newborns
Chronic fatigue syndrome peculiar disease that affects primarily young professionals in the prime of life
Immunity The ability of the body to defend itself against infections agents, foreign cells, and even abnormal body cells
Antigen The foreign element that triggers the immune response
Interferon A group of substances that stimulates the immune system
IgE involved in allergy
Chemotaxis the attraction of the white blood cells to the site of inflammation
Those diseases transmitted from human to human are said to be____or____. Contagious, communicable
Bacteria have____, a rigid layer of organic material surrounding their dlicate cell membranes. cell walls
During the____thick-walled cells turn purple and thin-walled cells become red, and thus bacteria can be identified using this technique. gram stain
____contain the genetic material of bacteria packaged in a tough outer coat that is resistant to desication, acid, extreme temperature, and even radiation Endospores
Fungi have filaments called____specialized for absorption of nutrients. mycelia
An animal that transmits pathogenic microorganisms to human is a____. vector
____is the study of the transmission, occurrence, distribution, and control of disease. Epidemiology
The number of new cases of a disease in a population is its____. prevalence
When a disease always occurs at low levels in a population, it is said to be____. endemic
When a disease suddenly occurs in unexpected numbers in a limited area and then subsides, this is described as an____. outbreak
Infections diseases are those diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms. True
Infectious diseases are classified as communicable if not transmitted directly by humans. False
Endotoxin is released into tissues when gram-negative cells die True
Viruses are considered living organisms. False
Healthy human tissue is relatively resistant to fungal infections. True
Influenza uses vertical transmission False
If a disease occurs in unusually large numbers over a specific area, it is said to be epidmeic. True
Pandemics are under constant surveillance in the US. False
Viral infections can be treated with a variety of antibiotics. False
Correct use of antibiotics can prevent the development of antibiotic resistance True
Pathogens Microorganisms that cause disease
Helminths The wormlike animals that include roundworms and flatworms
Bacteria Microscopic single-celled organisms
Protozoa single-celled eukaryotic microorganisms
Reservoir act as sources of the pathogen and potential sources of diseases
Binary fission Bacterial reproduction by splitting in half
Virus Infectious particles made of a core of genetic material (either RNA or DNA) wrapped in a protein coat
Horizontal transmission Infectious diseases can be transmitted directly form an infected human to a susceptible human
Endotoxin A particularly potent toxin that causes life-threatening shock
Latent infection viruses insert themselves in cells and do not reproduce
Created by: fallsummerspring