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UNIT 4: NEW NATION

8TH GRADE US HISTORY

TermDefinition
JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 CREATED THREE LEVELS OF FEDERAL COURTS AND DEFINED THEIR POWERS AND RELATIONSHIP TO THE STATE COURTS
PRECEDENT AN ACTION OR DECISION THAT LATER SERVES AS A EXAMPLE
NATIONAL DEBT MONEY OWED BY THE UNITED STATES
BONDS CERTIFICATES OF DEBT THAT CARRY A PROMISE TO BY BAKC THE HONDS AT A HIGHER PRICE
SPECULATORS PEOPLE WHO BUY TIEMS AT LOW PRICES IN THE HOPE THAT THE VALUE WILL RISE AND THEY CAN SELL THE ITEMS FOR A PROFIT
BENJAMIN BANNEKER BORN A FREE AFRICAN AMERICAN IN MARYLAND, SLEF-EDUCATED, HIRED BY THOMAS JEFFERSON TO SURVEY THE LAND FOR THE NEW NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
THIS WAS CREATED TO ESTABLISH TO STRENGTHEN THE U.S. ECONOMY BANK OF THE UNTIED STATES
LOOSE CONSTRUCTION THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CAN TAKE REASONABLE ACTIONS THAT THE CONSTITUTION DOES NOT SPECIFICALLY FORBID
STRICT CONSTRUCTION THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD DO ONLY WHAT THE CONSTITUTION SPECIFICALLY SAYS IT CAN DO
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES THE COUNTRY'S FIRST NATIONAL BANK
FRENCH REVOLUTION A REBELLION OF FRENCH PEOPLE AGAINST THEIR KING IN 1789
NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION STATED THAT THE UNITED STATES WOULD NOT TAKE SIDES WITH ANY ERUOPEAN COUNTRIES THAT WERE AT WAR
PRIVATEERS PRIVATE SHIPS HIRED BY A COUNTRY TO ATTACK ITS ENEMIES
JAY'S TREATY THE BRITISH WOULD PAY DAMAGES ON SIEZED SHIPS AND ABANDON THEIR FORTS ON THE NORTHWESTERN FRONTIER. THE UNITED STATES AGREED TO PAY DEBTS IT OWED TO BRITAIN
PICKNEY'S TREATY SPAIN AGREED TO RECOGNIZE THE UNITED STATES SOUTHERN BORDER AS 31 DEGREES N LATITUDE AND REOPEN THE PORT OF NEW ORLEANS TO AMERICAN SHIPS
TREATY OF GREENVILLE GAVE UNITED STATES CLAIM TO MOST INDIAN LAND IN THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY IN EXCHANGE FOR $20,000 WORTH OF GOODS
WHISKEY REBELLION WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA FARMERS PROTEST AGAINST THE WHISKEY TAX TURNED VIOLENT; WASHINGTON LED FORCES AGAINST THE REBELS WHO MOSTLY FLED
HELPED EMPHASIZE THE AUTHORITY OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO PASS TAZED AND TO PUT DOWN DOMESTIC REBELLIONS WHISKEY REBELLION
WHAY DID WASHINGTON WARN AGAINST GROWING POLITICAL CONFLICTS WITHIN THE NATION IN HIS FAREWELL ADDRESS THOUGHT THEY WEAKENED GOVERNMENT AND THAT POLITICAL UNITY WAS KEY TO NATIONAL SUCCESS
POLITICAL PARTIES GROUPS THAT HELEP ELECT PEOPLE AND SHAPE POLICIES
FEDERALIST PARTY WANTED A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND SUPPORTED INDUSTRY AND TRADE
DEOMOCRATIC-REPUBLICAN PARTY ITS MEMBERS, CALLED REPUBLICANS, WANTED TO LIMIT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S POWER; NOT RELATED TO TODAYS REPUBLICAN PARTY
XYZ AFFAIR IN ORDER FOR US DIPLOMATS TO MEET WITH TALLEYRAND, A BRIBE OF $250,00 AND A $12 MILLION LOAN WERE REQUIRED
MILLIONS FOR DEFENSE, BUT NOT ONE CENT FOR TRIBUTE! BECAME THE RALLY CRY FOR AMERICANS AFTER THE XYZ AFFAIR
ALEIN AND SEDITION ACTS THESE LAWS WERE SAID TO PROTECT THE UNITED STATES, BUT THE FEDERALISTS INTENDED THEM TO CRUSH OPPOSITION TO WAR WITH FRANCE
SEDITION ACT FORBADE ANYONE FROM PUBLISHING OR VOICING CRITICISM OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
ALIEN ACT THIS ACT MADE IT HARDER FOR AN IMMIGRANT TO BECOME A CITIZEN, ALLOWED THE PRESIDENT ALLOWED THE PRESIDENT TO IMPRISON AND DEPORT NON-CITIZENS WHO WERE FROM A HOSTILE NATION,
THE NATURALIZATION ACT INCREASED THE RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP FROM 5 TO 14 YEARS
ELECTION OF THOMAS JEFFERSON MARKED THE FIRST TIME THAT ONE PARTY HAD REPLACED ANOTHER IN POWER IN THE UNITED STATES.
SIGNALED THAT THE NEW SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT WOULD CARRY THE NATION THROUGH A PEACEFUL TRANSITION OF POLITICAL POWER ELECTION OF 1800
12TH AMENDMENT CREATED A SEPARATE BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT
MARBURY V. MADISON HELPED ESTABLISH THE SUPREME COURT'S POWER TO CHECK THE POWER OF THE OTHER BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT; JUDICIAL REVIEW
POWER TO DECLARE AN ACT OF CONGRESS UNCONSTITUTIONAL JUDICIAL REVIEW
LOUISIAN PURCHASE AGREEMENT WHICH ROUGHLY DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE UNITED STATES
$15 MILLION DOLLARS THE COST OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE
10/20/1803 DATE OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE
LEWIS AND CLARK THE MEN COMMISSIONED BY JAMES MONROE TO EXPLORE THE WEST
ASSISTED THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION AS A GUIDE AND INTERPRETER SACAGAWEA
OBJECTIVE OF THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION TO FIND A RIVER ROUTE ACROSS THE WEST TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN
IMPRESSMENT THE PRACTICE OF FORCING PEOPLE TO SERVE IN THE ARMY OR NAVY
EMBARGO BANNING OF TRADE
EMBARGO ACT AMERICAN SHIPS COULD NOT SAIL TO FOREIGN PORTS AND AMERICAN PORTS WERE CLOSED TO BRITISH SHIPS
TECUMSEH A SHAWNEES CHIEF; WARNED NATIVE AMERICANS OF THE DANGERS FACED FROM SETTLERS
BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE US FORCES DEFEATED TECUMSEH AND HIS FOLLOWERS DESTROYING TECUMSEH'S DREAM OF A GREAT INDIAN NATION
"THE WHITE PEOPLE HAVE NO RIGHT TO TAKE THE LAND FROM THE INDIANS, BECAUSE THE INDIANS HAD IT FIRST." TECUMSEH
WAR HAWKS CALLED FOR WAR AGAINST BRITAIN; WANTED TO PUT A STOP TO BRITISH INFLUENCE AMONG NATIVE AMERICANS AND ENFORCE NATIONAL SECURITY
WANTED TO INVADE CANADA TO GAIN MORE LAND FOR SETTLEMENT WHO ARE THE WAR HAWKS
NULLIFY/NULLIFICATION TO REFUSE TO RECONIZE A FEDERAL LAW.
STATE'S RIGHTS THEORY RIGHTS NOT SPECIFICALLY GIVEN TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BY THE CONSTITUTION REMAIN WITH THE STATES
NEUTRALITY POLICY OF NOT CHOOSING SIDES IN A DISPUTE OR WAR BTWEEN TWO COUNTRIES
ISOLATIONISM POLICY OF AVOIDING POLITICAL OR MILITARY AGREEMENTS WITH OTHER COUNTRIES
BLOCKADE CLOSING OFF AN AREA TO KEEP PEOPLE OR SUPPLIES FROM GOING IN OR OUT
MONROE DOCTRINE DECLARATION IN 1823 THAT THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE WAS NO LONGER OPEN TO EUROPEAN COLONIZATION
FRONTIER UNEXPLORED WILDERNESS AT THE EDGE OF THE COUNTRY
EARA OF GOOD FEELINGS A NEW PERIOD OF NATIONAL UNITY DURING JAMES MONROE'S PRESIDENCY
CAPITALISM ECONOMIC SYSTEM BASED ON THE PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF FARMS AND BUSINESSES
AMERICAN SYSTEM PROPOSAL TO THE GOVERNMENT THAT CALLED FOR TAZES ON IMPORTS, FEDERALLY FUNDED TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS AND A NEW NATIONAL BANK
FOLK ART ART MADE BY ORDINARY PEOPLE USING TRADITIONAL METHODS
SPIRITUALS A RELIGIOUS FOLK SONG OF AFRICAN AMERICAN ORIGIN
IMPRESSMENT OF SAILOR; INTERFERENCE WITH AMERICAN SHIPPING; BRITISH MILITARY AID TO NATIVE AMERICANS CAUSES OF THE WAR OF 1812
EFFECTS OF THE WAR OF 1812 INCREASED SENSE OF NATIONAL PRIDE; AMERICAN MANUFACTURING BOOSTED; NATIVE AMERICAN RESISTANCE WEAKENED
RUSH-BAGOT AGREEMENT LIMITED NAVAL POWER ON THE GREAT LAKES FOR BOTH THE UNITED STATES AND BRITISH CANADA
ADAMS-ONIS TREATY SETTLED ALL BORDER DISPUTES BETWEEN SPAIN AND THE UNITED STATES
SPAIN GAVE EAST FLORIDA TO THE U.S.; U.S. GAVE UP CLAIMS TO WHAT IS NOW TEXAS ADAM-ONIS TREATY
AMERICAN-SYSTEM A SERIES OF MEASURES INTENDED TO MAKE THE UNITED STATES ECONOMICALLY SELF-SUFFICIENT
A WATERWAY THAT RAN FROM ALBANY NY TO BUFFALO NY ERIE CANAL
CUMBERLAND ROAD FIRST ROAD BUILT BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT;' RAN FROM CUMBERLAND MARYLAND TO WHEELING, A TOWN ON THE OHIO RIVER IN PRESENT DAY WEST VIRGINIA
SECTIONALISM DISAGREEMENTS BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS
MISSOURI COMPROMISE MISSOURI WOULD ENTER AS A SLAVE STATE; MAINE WOULD JOIN AS A FREE STATE; SLAVERY WOULD BE PROHIBITED IN ANY NEW TERRITORIES OR STATES NORTH OF 36/30 LATITUDE (MISSOURI'S SOUTHERN BORDER)
WASHINGTON IRVING, JAMES FENIMORE COOPER EARLY AMERICAN WRITERS WHOSE FOCUS WAS AMERICAN REVOLUTION, SETTLEMENT, AND THE LANDSCAPE
HUDSON RIVER SCHOOL CREATED PAINTINGS THAT REFLECTED NATIONAL PRIDE AND AN APPRECIATION OF THE AMERICAN LANDSCAPE
SIMON BOLIVAR A LEADER OF INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA, KNOWN AS THE LIBERATOR
HENRY CLAY REPRESENTATIVE FROM KENTUCKY WHO PROMOTED IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION AND THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE
TRANSCENDENTALISM THE BELIEF THAT PEOPLE COULD RISE ABOVE MATERIAL THINGS IN LIFE
ABSTRACT EXPRESSING A QUALITY OR IDEA WITHOUT REFERENCE TO AN ACTUAL THING
JUDICIARY ACT OF 1801 CREATED 16 NEW FEDERAL JUDGESHIPS THAT PRESIDENT ADAMS FILLE THE NIGHT BEFORE HE LEFT OFFICE
MCCULLOCH V. MARLAND U.S. SUPREME COURT CASE THAT DECLARED THE SECOND BANK OF THE UNITED STATES WAS CONSTITUTIONAL
GIBBONS V. OGDEN THE SUPREME COURT REINFORCED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS AUTHORITY TO REGULATE TRADE BETWEEN THE STATES BY ENDING MONOPOLISTIC CONTROL OVER WATERWAYS IN SEVERL STATES
CLERMONT THE FIRST FULL-SIZED COMMERCIAL STEAMBOAT
ROBERT FULTON IN 1803 HE TESTED HIS FIRST STEAMBOAT DESIGN IN FRANCE
DOMESTIC POLICY: GEORGE WASHINGTON FEDERAL JUDICIARY ACT; WHISKEY REBELLION
FOREIGN POLICY: GEORGE WASHINGTON JAY'S TREATY; PICKNEY'S TREATY
DOMESTIC POLICY: JOHN ADAMS KENTUCK/VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS; ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS
FOREIGN POLICY: JOHN ADAMS XYZ AFFAIR
DOMESTIC POLICY: THOMAS JEFFERSON LOUISIAN PURCHASE; MARBURY V. MADISON
FOREIGN POLICY: THOMAS JEFFERSON EMBARGO ACT; LOUISIANA PURCHASE
DOMESTIC POLICY: JAMES MADSION WAR OF 1812
FOREIGN POLICY: JAMES MADISON WAR OF 1812
DOMESTIC POLICY: JAMES MONROE ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS
FOREIGN POLICY: JAMES MONROE MONROE DOCTRINE