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MedTerm 4

Body Structure

TermDefinition
chromatin structural component of the nucleus
chromosome threadlike structures within the nucleus composed of DNA
DNA molecule that holds genetic information capable of replicating and producing an exact copy when the cell divides
metabolism sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in a cell or organism
organelle cellular structure that provides a specialized function
cyt/o cell
hist/o tissue
kary/o, nucle/o nucleus
anter/o anterior, front
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
dist/o far, farthest
dors/o dorsal, back
infer/o lower, below
later/o side
medi/o middle
poster/o back, behind, posterior
proxim/o proximal, near
ventr/o belly, belly side
albin/o, leuk/o white
chrom/o color
cirrh/o, jaund/o, xanth/o yellow
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
melan/o black
poli/o gray
tom/o to cut
viscer/o internal organs
ultra- excess, beyond
adhesion abnormal fibrous band that holds together tissues that are normally separated
edema abnormal accumulation of fluid
febrile fever
gangrene death and decay of soft tissue
hernia protrusion of an organ through the structure that normally contains it
inflammation body defense against injury, infection, or allergy
mycosis any fungal infection
perforation hole that completely penetrates a structure
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
rupture sudden breaking or bursting of a structure or organ
septicemia bacterial infection that spreads to the blood
suppuration process of forming pus
auscultation listening
inspection general observation
palpitation feeling
percussion tapping
endoscopy visual examination
blood chemistry analysis detemines biochemical abnormalities
CBC count of red, white, and platelets
ablation removal by surgery, chemical deconstruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radio frequency
anastomosis surgical joining
curettage scraping
electrocauterization burning
I&D incision made to allow draining from a wound, abccess, or cavity
laser surgery uses laser light to remove tissue, stop bleeding, and for cosmetic purposes
revision surgical procedure used to correct a previous operation
Created by: aleelyse