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Joints & Movement

functional junctions between bones binds bones together joints
between bones that are close together example: flat bone of the skull fibrous joints
between the vertebrae allows limited movement cartilaginous joints
most joints of skeletal system allows free movement synovial joints
allows wide range of motion example: shoulder and hips ball and socket joint
oval shaped condyl fits into elliptical cavity of another bone example: wrist and ankle condyloid joint
like hinges on a door example: elow and phalanges hinge joint
mostly flat allows sliding and twisting movement gliding joints
allows limited movement around a central axis pivot joint
articulating bones have concave and convex regions example: carpals and metacarpals saddle joint
bending parts so that the angles between them decrease Flexion
Straightening parts so that the angle between increases extention
movement at the ankle that brings foot closer to shin Dorsiflexion
Movement at the ankle that brings foot farther from the shin plantar flexion
Extention of the part at the joint beyond the anatomical position Hyperextention
Moving away from mid line of the body Abduction
Moving towards mid line of body Adduction
Moving around an axis Rotation
Moving a part so the end so that the end follows a circular path Circumduction
turning the hand so that the palm is downwards Pronation
Turning hand so the palm is upward Supination
Turning foot so the plantar is facing out Eversion
Turning foot so the plantar is facing in Inversion
Moving a part backwards Retaraction
Moving a part foward Protraction
Rising a part Elevation
Lowering a part Depression
Created by: Mckenzie.wilson