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Health Final

TermDefinition
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
MI myocardial infarction
Prn as needed
Pt patient
Bid twice a day
Tid three times a day
Qid four times a day
Ad lib as needed
IDDM diabetes (insulin dependent mellitis)
WNL without normal limits
R/o rule out
Q every
H hour
D day
Liability legal responsibility for harm one causes to another person
Duty to Act legal obligation to give aid or perform emergency care
Commission committing an act that isn’t yours to perform
Omission failure to do something
Tort legal wrongs committed against a person or property
Standard of reasonable care assumes you use common sense; are reasonable and exercises due care
NATA national athletic trainers association
OSHA Occupational safety and health administration
BOC board of certification (Must renew every 2 years)
SOAP subjective objective assessment plan; method of documentation
NOCSAE national operating committee for standards of athletic equipment
ADA American disability act
HMO health maintenance organization; (limits where you can receive care)
PPO preferred provider organization; provides discount health care but limits where you can receive it)
Indemnity plan fee for service plan; you pay portion and insurance pays rest
POS point of service; (combination of HMO and PPO, but allows you to go outside the restrictions of HMO)
3rd party reimbursement care providers are reimbursed
Steps for reimbursement 1.) Go to doctor and pay co-pay 2.) See the doctor and they bill insurance 3.) Insurance pays some and sends you the bill for the rest
Co-Pays insurance determines what portion of the bill you have to pay upfront
Functional progression rehab sequence; sport-specific; easy to difficult; stable to non-stable; basic to sport-specific
Thermotherapies heat pack, hot whirl pool, paraffin bath, ultrasound
Cryotherapies Ice baths, ice pack, cryocuff, game ready
HIV human immunodeficiency virus; caused by family of retroviruses; spread by fluid contact such as blood or sex
HBV hepatitis B; caused by transfusions, multiple sex partners, needles; can spread without knowing, can live on surface for 7 days. 2-6 weeks for + test to show up
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; chronic, potentially life-threatening; caused by HIV
Tetanus bacterial disease marked by rigid movements and voluntary spasms of the muscles; causes lock jaw
Fluids that carry blood borne pathogens Blood, semen, synovial fluid, vaginal secretion, cerebrospinal fluid
RICES Rest, ice, compression, elevation, swelling
Sprain ligament injury, joint forced beyond normal ROM
Strain stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon
Ligament bone to bone
tendon connects muscle to bone
Grading Grade 1= sprain Grade 2= partial tear Grade 3= complete rupture of ligament
atrophy muscular degeneration
Hypertrophy muscular increase
Diaphysis main shaft of bone
Epiphysis end of bone
Articular cartilage covers bone at the end of joints
articulation where joint is formed
Isometrics produces tension but doesn't change lenth
isotonics produces tension and changes lenth
isokinetics produces tension and changes length at constant speed
Plyometrics muscles exert maximum effort in short intervals
PRE's progressive resistance exercises, (normal weight training activities)
Gait patterns swinging/tripod (non-weight bearing, swing leg through), 1 crutch (hold in opposite arm, crutch and bad foot go together), 3-point (partial weight bearing, good for stairs), and 4-point (full weight bearing)
Fitting a crutch outside tip is 6 inches from the side, and 2 inches in front, pad is 1 inch below armpit
settings for ATC Hospital emergency department, Intercollegiate athletics, Law enforcement and military, Occupational and industrial settings.
Drug mule transporter of illegal drugs
Protein built from amino acids
Carbs digestive system changes them into sugar for energy for cells, tissues and organs
Fats used as fuel source, major storage form of energy
Unsaturated fats good fats
saturated fats bad fats
Hippocrates father of modern medicine
HOPS History, Observation,Palpation. Special Tests
Effects of a good warm up loosens joints and increase blood flow to the muscles. prevents injuries
Primary survey A, B, and C's; Airway (check the airway for obstructions) -Breathing (are they breathing) Circulation (is their heart still beating)
Secondary survey Look for other injuries, perform a more detailed evaluation, and keep them from moving.
Vital signs Body temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure
Types of shock Cardiogenic shock (due to heart problems), Hypovolemic shock (caused by too little blood volume), Anaphylactic shock (caused by allergic reaction), Septic shock (due to infections), Neurogenic shock (caused by damage to the nervous system)
Glycogen super compensation muscles are able to hold a greater amount of glycogen than they normally would be able to.
Extender goniometer device used to measure ROM
Arterial bleeding bright red, Blood spurts out from wound
Venous bleeding dark red, flows steadily or gushes
Hemorrhage bleeding Lagre amount of blood loss in short amount of time
Capillary bleeding reddish and oozes most common type, easily controllable
Universal precautions approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious
Personal protective equipment Gloves, masks, gowns, shatter resistant goggles
Water soluble vitamins arried to the body's tissues but are not stored in the body. found in plants and dietary supplements; vitamin C and B vitamins.
fat soluble vitamins essential organic substances needed in small amounts in the diet for normal function, growth, and maintenance of body tissues; A, D, E, and K
Amino acids used in cells to make proteins
Anatomical position standing up facing front (palms out)
Coronal plane divides body in front and back
Saggital plane divides body into left and right (down middle of nose)
transverse plane divides body into top and bottom (at belt line)
prone position laying on back
supine position lying on stomach
medial away from midline
lateral towards midline
proximal closer to point of reference
distal farther from point of reference
superior towards the head or top
inferior towards the feet
dorsal on the back
ventral on the stomach
extension increases joint angle (0 to 90) getting obtuse
flexion decreases joint angle (90 to 0) gets acute
Pronation turning downward
supination turning upwards
inversion turns inwards
eversion turning outwards
abduction movement away from the body
adduction movement towards the body
internal rotation rotation towards the body
external rotation rotation away from the body
deep far from the surface
superficial close to the surface
ATC responsibilities Injury prevention, clinical evaluation, immediate and emergency care, treatment and rehab, organizational and professional health, and well-being
alchohol depressant, causes memory loss, weakness, IV fluids to prevent dehydration, priority is to monitor breathing
caffeine CNS stimulant, causes alertness, treats headaches or drowsiness
PCP phencyclidine, hallucinogen, stored in body fat; no response to pain, paranoia and even death. priority is to monitor circulation.
Talk down technique used to treat effects of hallucinogens; used to reassure them that they will be okay
Circle of care Coach, ATC, and MD
Phase of healing process Inflammatory phase: begins immediately, signs and symptoms last 2-4 days
Phase of healing process Fibroblastic Repair phase: scar formation, lasts from 4-6 weeks
Phase of healing process Remodeling: realignment and remodeling of scar tissue
Care of a bleeding athlete Remove from field of play, apply pressure to wound, cover wound with gauze, remove blood from jersey, check other athletes for blood
Cardiogenic shock due to heart problems
Hypovolemic shock caused by not enough blood volume
Anaphylactic shock allergic reaction
Septic shock caused by infections
Neurogenic shock caused by damage to nervous system
Types of consent Actual, Implied, Minor's, Mentally ill
DOMS Delayed onset muscle soreness
-itis inflammation
Terminology components prefix, root, suffix
Combining vowels O, I, and sometimes U
medical terminology language Greek and Latin
how to correct a mistake day/month/year, then initial
NATA founding year 1950
edema swelling
Pre- participation physicals Identifies an at risk athlete, gives baseline readings, reveals dangerous conditions, satisfies insurance companies.
Tannner's assessment stages Stage 1= no puberty, Stage 3= Crucial stage in contact sports (fastest bone growth & growth plates are weaker), Stage 5= full puberty
Physician responsibilities Clear someone for good, determinate over final course of treatment, part of the circle of care (coach, doctor, ATC)
Athericlerosis Hard, non-elastic condition
Hypotension low blood pressure
Hypertension high blood pressure
Arteriosclerosis build up of fat
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
arrythmia irregular heart beat
Arthralgia joint pain
Myoma
Osteoplasty reconstruction of bone
Myeloma Bone marrow tumor
Sonography use of sound waves to visualize tissue and structures
Created by: Will34158