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A & P I-Lab 1.3

The Language of Anatomy-Body Orientation and Direction

QuestionAnswer
meaning ABOVE and BELOW SUPERIOR always above other structures. INFERIOR always below other structures. SUPERIOR/INFERIOR
meaning FRONT and BACK ANTERIOR is forward-the face, chest and Abd. POSTERIOR is towards the backside of the body. example: The SPINE is POSTERIOR to the HEART. ANTERIOR/POSTERIOR
meaning TOWARD THE MIDLINE/ AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OR MEDIAN PLANE. The sternum (breasbone) is medial to the ribs: the ear is lateral to the nose. MEDIAL/LATERAL
meaning towards the head/toward the tail. In humans these terms are used interchangeably with superior and inferior. CEPHALAD (Cranial/caudal)
BACKSIDE/BELLY SIDE DORSAL/VENTRAL
near the trunk or attached end/father from the trunk or point of attachment. example; the fingers are distal the the elbow the knee is proximal the the toes PROXIMAL/DISTAL
Toward or at the body surface/ away from the body surface. Example; The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles and the lungs are deep to the rib cage SUPERFICIAL (external)/deep (internal)
Created by: doublewiggles