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Medterm 14

Endocrine System

antagonistic acting in opposition
electrolytes salts and minerals that conduct electrical impulses in the body
glucagon raises blood glucose level
glucose simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
sypathetomimetic mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) promotes secretion of coricosteroids
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates production of ova and sperm
growth hormone (GH) or somatotropin regulates growth of body tissues and increases use of fats for energy
luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates production of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone
prolactin (PRL) promotes lactation
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin stimulates secretion of thyroid hormones
antidiuretic hormone increases water reabsorption
oxytocin stimulates uterine contractions, initiates labor, promotes milk secretion from the mammary glands
calcitonin regulates calcium levels
thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) increases energy production and rate of protein synthesis
parathyroid hormone (PTH) increases absorption of calcium
glucocorticoids regulates metabolism
mineralocorticoids increase sodium levels and decrease potassium
sex hormones responsible for libido and source of estrogen after menopause
adrenal medullary hormones mimic sympathetic nervous system, increase metabolic and heart rate, and raise blood pressure
insulin lowers blood glucose level
adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal glands
calc/o calcium
crin/o secrete
gluc/o, glyc/o, glycos/o sugar, sweetness
home/o same alike
kal/i potassium
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
thym/o thymus glands
throid/o, thyr/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poison
-crine secrete
-dipsia thirst
-gen forming, producing, origin
-toxic pertaining to poison
-uria urine
diabetes insipidus excessive thirst and excessive urination due to inadequate production of antidiuretic hormone
diuresis increased formation and secretion of urine
gestational diabetes diabetes that develops during pregnancy
acromegaly hypersecretion of GH in adults
dwarfism hyposecretion of GH in childhood
giantism hypersecretion of GH in childhood
hirsutism excessive distribution of body hair
hypercalcemia excessive calcium level in the blood
hyperkalemia excessive potassium
hypervolemia abnormal increase in the volume of blood plasma
hyponatremia low sodium level
insulinoma pancreatic tumor causing excessive production of insulin
neurofibromatosis genetic disorder characterized by multiple benign fibrous tumors that grow anywhere in the nervous system
panhypopituitarism total pituitary impairment
thyroid storm uncontrolled hyperthyroidism
virilism development of male sex characteristics in a woman
exophthalmometry measures degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as seen in Graves disease
A1C test diagnoses and manages diabetes
radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) and scan Nuclear imaging procedure that combines a thyroid scan with an RAIU procedure to evaluate the structure and physiological functioning of the thyroid gland
parathyroidectomy excision of the parathyroid gland
thyroidectomy excision of the thyroid gland
transsphenoidal hypophysectomy endoscopic surgery to remove a pituitary tumor through an incision in the sphenoid sinus without disturbing brain tissue
antithyroids treat hyperthyroidism
corticosteroids replace hormones lost in adrenal insufficiency
growth hormone replacements increase growth in children and hormonal deficiencies in adults
insulins lowers blood glucose levels
oral antidiabetics stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin
thyroid supplements supplement thyroid hormones
Created by: aleelyse



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