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US history final

QuestionAnswer
Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did They settled there to escape religious persecution
Foundations of American Democracy American revolution and democracy
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? They complained that the new system threatened liberties, and failed to protect individual rights.
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Its a book
Declaration of Independence A document that declared independence from Britain and the formation of a new country, the USA.
Shay’s Rebellion A Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working
Louisiana Purchase An agreement between the French and the US to give the Louisiana Territory, including the Port of New Orleans, to the US for $15 million dollars
Missouri Compromise of 1820 A bill that became law after much debate in the United States Congress.
Compromise of 1850 , Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. Also, the Fugitive Slave Law is passed.
Manifest Destiny "sea to shining sea"; the belief that the U.S. should own all territory between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War Economic in north is many factories to make weapons, tents, uniforms, preserved food, used immigrants, railroads, canals, shipping and economic in south is Agricultural and grew cash crops, few factories, used slaves, ports for shipping goods.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War preserving the Union
Seneca Falls Convention The meeting took place in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19th and 20th 1848. 300 Women and 40 men went to the second day to discuss the rights of women.
Reconstruction Period the time after the civil war for rebuilding the South's economy and reconstructing the nation
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
Result of the Civil War 600,000 soldiers died or wounded billions of dollars of damage mostky in the south union was saved federal government was strengthened abraham lincoln assasinated by john wilkes booth millions of afriacan americans freed
Black Codes Defined what it meant to be black,Prevented blacks from voting/holding office etc,Prevented blacks from serving in state militias, and Prohibited interracial marriage between whites and blacks
Native Americans a member of any of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 A series of battles between Native Americans and U.S.
Homestead Act of 1862 160 acres of free land to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of the household.
Transcontinental Railroad the first railroad built that crossed the nation from the Atlantic to the Pacific and was finished in 1869 after being built for 6 years.
Development of the Great Plains railroads were responsible for their development after the civil war.
Three-fifths Compromise A compromise reached between delegates from southern states and those from northern states during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War Readmit southern states to the union, Rebuild the southern economy, Create a new political system, Create a new political system, and Expand and protect the rights of African Americans
Tenements a run-down and often overcrowded apartment house, especially in a poor section of a large city. any species of permanent property, as lands, houses, rents, an office, or a franchise, that may be held of another.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement Campaign for women to recieve the right to vote; the movement developed from the fight against slavery. 19th Amendment granted women the right to vote
Impressments British practice of taking American sailors from American ships and forcing them into the British navy; a factor in the War of 1812.
Trail of Tears The land and water route used by the US government to forcefully remove thousands of Cherokee Indians from their homes between Georgia and Oklahoma. Along the way, over 4,000 Indians died.
Why did the South secede from the Union? Southerners believed that Lincoln would make laws that would limit or abolish slavery.
Emancipation Proclamation declared all salves in confederate territory free. This did not free many slaves because they land was under confederate control so the union had trouble freeing them. The plantations were usually located far away from the union.
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? Lincoln was assassinated
Mukrackers journalists who wrote about injustices and exposed the filth of society
Treaty of Versailles In June 1919, the peacemakers summoned representatives of the new German Republic to the palace of Versailles outside Paris. The Germans were ordered to sign the treaty drawn up by Allies. German reparations would come to over $30 billion dollars.
Why did US enter WWI? Attacks on U.S. ships and American support for the Allies
League of Nations International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join.
Americans reaction to WWI was shocked and horror
Lusitania sinking a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died.
Zimmermann Telegram A message calling on Mexico to join in a coming war against the US and promising to help it recover territory lost in the Mexican War of 1846-1848
Created by: summer_289
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