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A&P - The Brain

The Brain

Cerebral Cortex The Cerebral Cortex is the largest part of the brain. It is also known as the Cerebrum
Left Hemisphere Left side of the Cerebral Cortex responsible for mathematical and logical reasoning, problem solving, memory recall, language processing, speech and language
Right Hemisphere Right side of the Cerebral Cortex responsible for facial recognition and emotional analysis of words
Frontal Lobe Responsible for Thoughts/Intelligence, control of skeletal muscles, consequences of action, speech and taste
Parietal Lobe Responsible for Touch, temperature, pain and vibration
Temporal Lobe Responsible for hearing and smell
Occipital Lobe Responsible for Vision
Olfactory Bulb Located at the inferior/anterior part of the frontal lobe. Receives neural input about odors coming from the nasal cavity
Corpus Callosum Connecting neurons between R/L Hemispheres. Responsible for communication and coordination of activity between hemispheres
Diencephalon Includes the: Thalmus, Hypothalmus, Fornix, Pineal Gland and Optic Chiasm
Thalamus Oval Shaped. Functions as the relay station of the majority of the information coming into the Cerebral Cortex
Hypothalmus Below the Thalamus. Responsible for regulation of the Autonomic Nervous System including sleep/wake cycles
Fornix C Shaped - lies below the Corpus Callosum. Responsible for recall of long term memory
Pineal Glad Posterior to the Thalamus and Hypothalamus. Responsible for the secretion of Melatonin.
Optic Chiasm X-Shaped nerve below the Hypothalamus. X-shape caused by the crossing over of the optic nerves. Connects the eyes and the brain
Brain Stem Includes the Midbrain (Mesencephalon), the Pons and the Medulla Oblongotta, Corpora Quadrigemina
Midbrain Part of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Also called the Mesencephalon) Associated with hearing, vision, motor control, temperature regulation
Pons Below the Midbrain. Carries signals from the Brain to the Cerebellum and carries sensory information to the Thalamus.
Medulla Oblongotta Below the Pons. Center for respiration and circulation
Corpora Quadrigemina Posterior to the midbrain above the Cerebellum. Reflex center involving vision and hearing
Cerebellum (Small Brain). Regulates voluntary motor movement. Includes the Cerebellar Cortex and the Arbor Vitae
Cerebellar Cortex Involved in the planning and timing of movement
Arbor Vitae Branched tree-like appearance located deep in the cerebellum, Brings sensory and motor information to and from the cerebellum
Circulation of the CSF (Cerebral Spinal Fluid) Lateral Ventricles > Interventricular Foramen > Third Ventricle > Cerebral Aqueduct > Fourth Ventricle > Out to the subarachnoid space
Grey Matter Pinkish/Grey. Made up of Nerve Cell bodies (cell bodies, dendrites and axon terminals)
White Matter Whitish color due to the Myelin covering the Axons. Made up of Axons. Communication between white matter and grey mater and other parts of the body
Meninges Membrane layers of the brain - Dura Mater, Arachnoid, and Pia Mater
Created by: kdelacosta