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Female Reproductive

MBC 100 The Language of Medicine, Ch. 8

TermDefinition
adnexa uteri Accessory structures associated with the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries.
amenorrhea Absence of menstrual flow.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac.
amnion Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus.
anovulatory Not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary).
areola Dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple.
Bartholin glands Two small mucous-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body.
bartholinitis Inflammation of the Bartholin glands.
cephalic version Procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first.
cervix Neck-like, lower portion of the uterus.
chorion Outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus. It forms the fetal part of the placenta.
chorionic Pertaining to the chorion.
clitoris Sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra.
coitus Sexual intercourse.
colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope (colposcope).
corpus luteum Yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. It secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
cul-de-sac Region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum.
culdocentesis Surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease.
dysmenorrhea Painful, difficult menses (menstruation).
dyspareunia Painful sexual intercourse.
dystocia Difficult childbirth
embryo Stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks.
endocervicitis Inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, neck-like portion of the uterus).
endometritis Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion).
endometrium Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus.
episiotomy Incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth.
erythroblastosis fetalis Hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor) between the mother and fetus.
estrogen Female hormone that promotes secondary sex characteristics and supports reproductive tissues.
fallopian tube One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes).
fertilization Union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell.
fetal presentation Manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal.
fetus Stage in prenatal development from 6 to 39 or 40 weeks.
fimbriae Finger of fringe-like ends of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum).
galactorrhea Excessive or abnormal secretion of milk after breast-feeding has ended.
gamete Reproductive organs (genitals).
genitalia Reproductive organs (genitals).
gestation Nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregancy.
gonad Female or ale reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones.
gynecology Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system.
gynecomastia Female-like breast enlargement in a male.
human chorionic gonadotropin Secreted by the placenta to sustain pregnancy.
hymen Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina.
hysterectomy Removal of the uterus.
hysteroscopy Visual examination (endoscopic) of the uterus.
inframmamary Pertaining to below the breast.
intrauterine device Device inserted by a physician into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
involution Shrinking of the uterus (womb) to its normal size after childbirth.
labia Lips of the vagina.
lactation Production of milk.
lactiferous ducts Tubes that carry milk throughout the breast.
leukorrhea White ot yellow discharge from the vagina.
luteinizing hormone Secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation.
mammary papilla Nipple of the breast.
mammoplasty Surgical repair of the breast (augmentation or reduction surgery).
mastectomy Removal (excision) of a breast.
mastitis Inflammation of a breast.
menarche Onset of the first menstrual period (menses).
menometrorrhagia Excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation and also between menstrual periods.
menopause Gradual ending of menstruation.
menorrhea Menstruation; monthly discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus.
menorrhagia Abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods.
menstruation Monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; menses.
metrorrhagia Bleeding between menstrual periods.
multigravida A woman who has been pregnant more than once.
multipara A woman who has delivered more than one viable infant.
myomectomy Removal of muscle tumors (fibroids) from the uterus.
myometrium Muscle layer of the uterus.
neonatal Pertaining to a new birth.
neonatology Study of newborns.
nuligravida A woman who has never been pregnant.
nullipara A woman who has never given birth to an infant.
obstetrics Branch of medicine dealing with the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth.
oligomenorrhea Scanty menstrual flow.
oocyte Immature egg cells from which ova develop.
oogenesis Formation of ova (egg cells).
oopherectomy Removal of an ovary.
orifice An opening.
ovarian Pertaining to an ovary.
ovarian follicle Tiny sac in the ovary that contains an egg cell (ovum).
ovary One or two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
ovulation Release of an egg cell from an ovary.
oxytocia Rapid labor and childbirth
oxytocin Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contractions of the uterus during childbirth.
parturiton Act of giving birth
perineorrhaphy Suture of the perineum (following an episiotomy).
perineum Are between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and the scrotal sac in males.
pituitary gland Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.
placenta Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy.
pregnancy Condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation. prenatal
Prenatal Pertaining to before birth.
primigravida A woman during her first pregnancy.
primipara A woman who has given birth to her first child.
primiparous Pertaining to a woman who has given birth to her first child.
progesterone Hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy.
pseudocyesis False pregnancy.
puberty Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins.
pyosalpinx Pus in the fallopian tube.
retroversion Tipping backward of an organ or a part of the body; as in the uterus.
salpingectomy Removal of a fallopian tube.
salpingitis Inflammation of a fallopian tube.
uterine prolapse Sagging or drooping of the utrerus.
uterine serosa Outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
uterus Muscular organ in a female that nourishes the developing embryo during pregnancy; womb.
vagina Muscular, mucosal tube extending from the uterus (cervix) to the exterior of the body.
vaginal orifice Opening of the vagina to the exterior of the body.
vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina.
vulva External genitalia of the female.
vulvadynia Pain in the female genitalia.
vulvogaginitis Inflammation of the vulva and vagina.
zygote Stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to two weeks.
Created by: Momster