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Advanced Med. Termin

chapter 18 study guide

TermDefinition
Exocrine glands Sweat, salivary, lacrimal, mucous, mammary
Endocrine glands Pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, pancreas, adrenal, ovaries, testes
Diabetes insipidus- S&S, causes, tx < ADH; polyuria (excessive production of urine + than 2.5, 3 L over 24 hours ) polydipsia (excessive thirst); tx= ADH replacement with nasal spray
Insulin deficiency, insulin resistance, Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), ketoacidosis(high concentrations of ketone bodies) relate to... DIABETES MELLUTUS: -type 1=juvenil onset; insulin dependent -type 2=DM, pancreas is tired, resist glucose; glucose remains high & insulin stays low.
Hyposecretion of growth hormone DWARFISM: Secondary decreased pituitary gland function
Diabetes during pregnancy GESTATIONAL DIABETES: Dx: GTT-FBS; drink 75g sugar; multiple draws
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar= 70-110 dl
S&S of hypoglycemia; test sugar; blood sugar is less 60m/dL Low sugar levels; shaking sweating, pale; headache; grumpy, angry; anxious, dizzy, blurred vision, weak; fainting; seizures, coma & death
Syndrome of Inappropriate AntiDiuretic Hormone SIADH= what problem for patient Fluid over load; tx= fluid restriction; too much ADH from tumor, trauma, drug rxn
virilization in women too much testosterone; deep voice; hairy; hirshuism
Complications of diabetes (nerves, kidneys, eyes) DIABETIC: Neuropathy(degenerative state of the nervous system or nerves), nephropathy (or damage of the kidney), retinopathy (any noninflammatory disease of the retina)
Addison disease Low aldosterone; adrenal cortex; hyperpigmentation- skin darkens; muscular atropy, low BP ; depression/ SI
Cushing syndrome Too much cortisol; humpback-buffalo hump; moon face; striae, overweight; poor wound healing; HTN; tachycardia; depression
Extreme hypothyroidism in infants; children CREATINISM
Doctor for people with blood sugar problems Endocrinologist
Procedure to measure eyeball protrusion EXOPHALAMOUS; "meter"; related too much hyperthyroidism
Enlarged thyroid gland GOITER
Autoimmune disorder causes thyrotoxicosis Grave's disease; too much thyroid hormones; metabolism is too fast; thin; hot; diarrhea; too much energy; not, very hungry; insomnia; bulging eyeballs-exophalamous
Blood test to measure long-term glucose control Hemoglobin A1C (<7); glycosylated hgb
Hyperinsulinism Hypoglycemia; high insulin with low blood sugar
S&S hypothyroidism Fatigue; sluggish; weight gain; fluid retention; bradycardia; cold-low body temperature; constipation-corrected with thyroid supplement
DKA; metabolic nightmare; body turns to using fat for energy; this leads to ketones in the blood; ketoacidosis-coma and death Diabetic ketoacidosis: DKA-EXTREME HIGH BLOOD SUGAR; hospitalization is common; fluids; IV insulin; fruity breath; dehydration; lethargic; slurred speech; flushed face; sleepy; comma and death
Pineal gland secretes melatonin...what affect does this have on the body Biological clock; sleep; sleep aid
Deficiency of all pituitary hormones PANHYPOPITUITARISM
PCOS Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome; ovaries are ove-run with fluid filled cysts; hyperglycemia; low metabolism; hiandrogens; acne; infertility; virilism; hirsuism
Created by: jvalladolid