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Amendments

U.S. Constitutional Amendments

Amendment #Year-Summary/Details
1st Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition (guarantees the right to the freedoms of speech, press, and religion. Protects the right to petition/redress the government)
2nd Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Right to Bear Arms (guarantees the people’s right to own and bear arms for their defense)
3rd Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Quartering of Soldiers (soldiers cannot take, or live, in a person's house without permission of the owner)
4th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Search and Seizure (persons or their property cannot be searched unless there is "probable cause" that a crime has been committed)
5th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Rights of Persons accused of Crimes (Grand Jury indictment for capital crime; Double Jeopardy not tried 2x same crime; Self-Incrimination not req'd testify against self; no loss of rights w/o Due Process; Eminent Domain-$ for taken property)
6th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Rights of Persons on Trial (guarantees speedy, public trial, impartial jury; right to know the accusation, the accuser, and witnesses against; right to find counsel and witnesses in defense)
7th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Jury Trials in Civil Cases (non-criminal cases between private parties heard in federal court guaranteed trial by jury if greater than $20 [$75K today]; once settled, cannot be tried again)
8th Amendment (BOR) 1791- Punishments and Bail (excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted)
9th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Rights kept by the People (rights not listed, unenumerated, could not be taken away by the government, ex. right to travel, right to vote, right to privacy, etc., as not every right could be listed)
10th Amendment (BOR) 1791 - Powers kept by the States / People (federal govt only has powers specifically in Constitution [declare war, collect taxes, regulate interstate business activities and others listed in the articles]; all other powers are left to the states/people)
11th Amendment 1795 - State Sovereign Immunity (states are protected from suits by citizens living in another state or foreigners that do not reside within the state borders)
12th Amendment 1804 - Electoral College Procedure (change in electoral college procedure, vote for 'team' vs. two votes; also strongly suggests VP and Pres should not be from same state; lastly lists procedures if no candidate gets majority of elector votes)
13th Amendment 1865 - Slavery Abolished (neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction)
14th Amendment 1868 - Citizenship Rights (citizenship rights, due process and equal protection under the law guaranteed to all citizens by birth or naturalization, including former slaves; also amended 3/5s rule in Article 1, Section 2)
15th Amendment 1870 - Right to Vote / Race (right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude)
16th Amendment 1913 - Income Tax (Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration)
17th Amendment 1913 - Popular Vote for Senators (prior to amendment, Senators were elected by state legislatures; now voted for directly by the people)
18th Amendment 1919 - Prohibition (no sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcohol across the nation - effective Jan. 1920)
19th Amendment 1920 - Right to Vote / Women - Women's Suffrage (right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex) <Women able to vote in 5 territories & 15 states prior to 19th amend.>
20th Amendment 1933 - "Lame Duck" Amendment (improved transportation allowed new date to take office [Pres. Jan 20 / Congress Jan 3 - was Mar 4] thus reducing 'lame duck' syndrome; also succession plans if Pres elect or VP elect unable to assume office)
21st Amendment 1933 - Prohibition Repealed (the eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed)
22nd Amendment 1951 - Presidential Term Limits (limits elected president to two terms in office [8 years]; however, if a successor takes over with less than 2 years remaining, they can serve two additional terms [10 yrs max], otherwise only one additional term)
23rd Amendment 1961 - DC Vote for Electors (allows D.C. residents to vote for own electors, thus granting them Presidential vote; number equal to state with least population) <DC has one non floor-voting delegate in the House and no representation in the Senate>
24th Amendment 1964 - Poll-Tax Barred (right of citizens to vote in any primary or other election shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax)
25th Amendment 1967 - Presidential Disability/Succession (procedures upon the death, removal, or resignation of the President or Vice President and how the Presidency is temporarily filled if the President becomes disabled and cannot fulfill responsibilities)
26th Amendment 1971 - Right to Vote / Age 18 (right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age)
27th Amendment 1992 - Congressional Pay Increases (prevents members of Congress from granting themselves pay raises during the current session; any raises are adopted must take effect during the next session of Congress)
Created by: mckovacs