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ANATOMY OF HRT

CHAP 16

QuestionAnswer
SLING-LIKE STRUCTURE THAT SUPPORTS THE HEART PERICARDIUM
DELIVERS OXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE MYOCARDIUM CORONARY ARTERIES
SMOOTH, SHINY, INNERMOST LINING OF THE HEART ENDOCARDIUM
CHAMBER THAT RECEIVES UNOXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE LUNGS THROUGH THE PULMANARY ARTERY RIGHT VENTRICLE
TERM THAT INCLUDES THE VENAE CAVAE, PULMONARY ARTERY, PULMONARY VEINS, AND AORTA GREAT VESSELS
PRIMARY PUMPING CHAMBERS OF THE HEART VENTRICLES
CHAMBER THAT RECEIVES OXYGENATED BLOOD FORM THE LUNGS THROUGH FOUR PULMONARY VEINS LEFT ATRIUM
OUTERMOST LAYER OF THE HEART EPICARDIUM
CHAMBER THAT PUMPS OXYGENATED BLOOD INTO THE SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION LEFT VENTRICLE
THE MYOCARDIUM IS THE THICKEST IN THIS CHAMBER LEFT VENTRICLE
DEATH OF THE HEART MUSCLE CAUSED BY OCCLUSION OF A CORONARY ARTERY MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
REEIVING CHAMBERS OF THE HEART ATRIA
DRAINS UNOXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE MYOCARDIUM CORONARY VEINS
CHEST PAIN USUALLY CAUSED BY IMPAIRED FLOW OF BLOOD THROUGH THE CORONARY ARTERIES ANGINA PECTORIS
AREA ON THE ANTERIOR CHEST THAT OVERLIES THE HEART AND GREAT VESSELS PRECORDIUM
THE LAD, ALSO CALED THE WIDOW-MAKER CORONARY ARTERIES
HARDEST-WORKING CHAMBER LEFT VENTRICLE
LAYER OF THE HEART THAT CONTAINS THE CONTRACTILE PROTEINS, ACTIN AND MYOSIN MYOCARDIUM
THE EPICARDIUM IS PART OF THIS STRUCTURE PERICARDIUM
UPPER FLAT PORTION OF THE HEART THAT IS LOCATED AT THE LEVEL OF THE SECOND RIB BASE
COLLECTION OF FLUID OR BLOOD IN THIS SPACE CAUSES AN EXTERNAL COMPRESSION OF THE HEART (CALLED CARDIAC TAMPONADE) PERICARDIAL CAVITY
SPACE BETWEEN THE EPICARDIUM AND THE PARIETAL PERICARDIUM PERICARDIAL CAVITY
HEART ATTACK MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
LOWER POINTED END OF THE HEART THAT IS LOCATED AT THE LEVEL OF THE FIFTH INTERCOSTAL SPACE APEX
SEMILUNAR VALVE THROUGH WHICH BLOOD LEAVES THE RIGHT VENTRICLE PULMONIC VALVE
ATRIOVENTRICLULAR VALVE ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART TRICUSPID VALVE
CALLED THE MITRAL VALVE BICUSPID VALVE
LEAKY VALVE THAT ALLOWS BACKFLOW OF BLOOD INCOMPETENT VALVE
THE FIRST HEART SOUND (LUBB) S1
EXIT VALVE THAT SEES ONLY OXYGENATED BLOOD AORITC VALVE
TOUGH BANDS THAT ATTACH THE AV VALVES TO THE VENTRICULAR WALLS CHORDAE TENDINEAE
REFERS TO THE NARROWING OF A VALVE MURMURS
EXTRA HEART SOUND (S3, S4) THAT SOUND LIKE A RACING HORSE GALLOP RHYTHM
VALVE THAT PREVENTS THE BACKFLOW OF BLOOD INTO THE LEFT VENTRICLE AORTIC VALVE
HEART SOUND CREATED BY THE CLOSURE OF THE AV VALVES AT THE BEGINNING OF VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION S1
ENTRANCE VALVE THAT SEES ONLY OXYGENATED BLOOD BICUSPID VALVE
VALVE THAT PREVENTS THE BACKFLOW OF BLOOD FROM THE LEFT VENTRICLE BICUSPID VALVE
HEART SOUND CREATED BY THE CLOSURE OF THE SEMILUNAR VALVES AT THE BEGINNING OF VENTRICULAR RELAXATION S2
EXIT VALVE THAT SEES ONLY UNOXYGENATED BLOOD PULMONIC VALVE
VALVE THAT PREVENTS THE BACKFLOW OF BLOOD FROM THE PULMONARY ARTERY PULMONIC VALVE
SEMILUNAR VALVE THROUGH WHICH BLOOD LEAVES THE LEFT VENTRICLE AORTIC VALVE
ABNORMAL HEART SOUNDS CAUSED BY VALVULAR DISEASE MURMURS
ENTRANCE VALVE THAT SEES ONLY UNOXYGENATED BLOOD TRICUSPID VALVE
LIFE-THREATENING DYSRYTHMIA THAT CAUSES THE VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIUM TO QUIVER IN AN UNCOORDINATED AND INEFFECTIVE WAY VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
PACEMAKER OF THE HEART SA NODE
SPECIALIZED CONDUCTION TISSUE IN THE INTERVENTRICULAR SEPTUM; DIVIDES INTO THE RIGHT AND LEFT BRANCHES BUNDLE OF HIS
PLACE WHERE THE ELECTRICAL SIGNAL NORMALLY ARISES SA NODE
THE ELECTRICAL SIGNAL SPREADS FROM THE CONDUCTION TISSUE IN THE ATRIA TO THIS STRUCTURE AV NODE
AREA OUTSIDE THE SA NODE THAT GIVES RISE TO AN ELECTIRCAL SIGNAL ECTOPIC FOCUS
THESE FAST-CONDUCTING FIBERS SPREAD THE ELECTRICAL SIGNAL THROUGHOUT THE VENTRICULAR WALL PURKINJE FIBERS
RECORD OF THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE HEART (A HEART CHART) ELECTORCADIOGRAM (ECG)
ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY APPEARS NORMAL AND THE SIGNAL ARISES WITHIN THE SA NODE NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM (NSR)
LENGTHING OF THIS TIME INDICATE HEART BLOCK P-R INTERVAL
ELECTRICAL EVENT THAT STIMULATES ATRIAL CONTRACTION P WAVE
ELECTRICAL EVENT THAT STIMULATES VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION QRS COMPLEX
ECG RECORDING THAT REPRESENTS THE TIME IT TAKES FOR THE ELECTRICAL SIGNAL TO TRAVEL FROM THE SA NODE TO THE VENTRICLES R-R INTERVAL
RELATED TO LOCATION OF THE _________. THORACIC CAVITY, MEDIASTINUM, AND PRECORDIUM. THE HEART
OXYGENATED BLOOD IS FOUND IN WHICH STRUCTURE? PULMONARY VEINS
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF THE HEART SOUNDS "LUBB-DUBB"? VIBRATIONS CAUSED BY CLOSURE OF VALVES
RAPID AND IRREGULAR HEART RATE IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT DESCRIPTION? TACHYDYSRHYTHMIA
THE ________ VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIUM IS THICKER THAN THE RIGHT VENTRICLULAR MYOCARDIUM. LEFT
BLOOD FLOW THROUGH THE CORONARY ARTERIES IS GREATEST.... DURING VENTRICULAR RELAXATION
CARDIAC ENZYMES (LDH, CK, AST) AND TROPONIN ELEVATE WHEN MYOCARDIAL CELLS ARE.... DAMAGED AND LEAK THEIR CONTENTS
THE AV NODES JOB IS... TO SLOW THE ELECTRICAL SIGNAL AS IT MOVES FROM THE ATRIUM TO THE VENTRICLES
_______ THE ANTERIOR CHEST OVERLYING THE HEART AND GREAT VESSELS. THE PRECORDIUM
THE MITRAL VALVE IS WHAT KIND OF VALVE? A CUSPID VALVE
BRANCHES OF THE LEFT CORONARY ARTERY ARE DESCRIPTIONS OF WHAT? LEFT ANTERIOR DESCENDING ARTERY AND THE CIRCUMFLEX ARTERY
________ ARE RAPID CONDUCTION FIBERS THAT SUPPLY THE VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIUM PURKINJE FIBERS
VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION IS LEAST EFFECTIVE DURING... VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
WHAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OPENING AND CLOSING OF HEART VALVES? PRESSURE WITHIN THE HEART CHAMBERS
2 SEMILUNAR VALVES PULMONIC AND AORTIC
3 ATRIOVENTRICULAR VALVES ARE... TRICUSPID, BICUSPID, AND MITRAL
3 LAYERS OF THE HEART ARE... EPICARDIUM, MYOCARDIUM, AND ENDOCARDIUM
3 STRUCTURES THAT CARRY UNOXYGENATED BLOOD.... RIGHT VENTRICLE, PULMONARY ARTERY, VENAE CAVAE
4 PARTS OF THE CONDUCTION SYSTEM ARE... SA NODE, AV NODE, BUNDLE OF HIS, AND PURKINJE FIBERS
2 CHAMBERS OF THE HEART.... ARTIA AND VENTRICLES
Created by: aantonino