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Medterm 12

Female Reproductive System

TermDefinition
external genitalia reproductive organs visible on the outside of the body
gestation length of time from conception until birth
lactation production and release of milk by mammary glands
orifice entrance or outlet of any anatomical structure
amni/o amnion, amniotic sac
cervic/o cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
galact/o, lact/o milk
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o, metri/o, uter/o uterus
mamm/o, mast/o breast
men/o meses, menstruation
metr/o uterus, measure
nat/o birth
oophoor/o, ovari/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o tube
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
-para to bear offspring
-salphinx tube
-tocia childbirth, labor
-version turning
atresia congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
dyspareunia occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
endocervicitis inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix
amenorrhea absence of a menstrual period
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
menorrhagia heavy, prolonged menstruation
metrorrhagia irregular uterine bleeding between periods or after menopause
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent periods
premenstrual syndrome symptoms that occur between ovulation and menstruation
sterility infertility
uterine fibroids benign tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus
abortion termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of surviving on its own
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
breech presentation fetal buttocks or feet present first, rather than the head
Down syndrome extra copy of chromosome 21, altering physical and mental development of the child
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy
ectopic pregnancy fertilized ovum becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity
placenta previa obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal and results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under US guidance
chorionic villus sampling sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis or potential genetic defects
colpopscopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument
cordocentesis diagnostic prenatal test in which a sample of the baby's blood is removed from the umbilical cord for sampling
endometrial biopsy removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
insufflation delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication
Papancolaou test exfoliative cytology test used to detect abnormal cells that are scraped from the cervix
pelvimetry measurement of pelvic dimensions
hysterosalpingography radiography and fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes
mammography radiographic examination of the breast
transvaginal ultrasonography US performed by inserting a probe into the vagina
cerclage suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy
cesarean section incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove a fetus
colpocleisis surgical closure of the vaginal canal
conization excision of a cone shaped piece of tissue for histological examination
cryosurgery freezing tissue to destroy cells
dilation and curettage widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity
lumpectomy excision of a small breast tumor and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it
mammoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breast
mastectomy removal of the breast
reconstructive breast surgery creation of a breast-shaped mound to replace a breast that has been removed as a result of cancer or other disease
tubal ligation procedure that ties the Ffallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
intrauterine device small T-shaped device inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy
antifungals treat vaginal yeast infection
estrogens treat symptoms of menopause
oral contraceptives synthetic hormones which prevent pregnancy and treat menstrual disorders
oxytocics induce labor
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
spermicides chemically destroy sperm by creating an acidic environment in the uterus
Created by: aleelyse
 

 



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