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Medical Terminology

abrasion scrape of the skin due to something abrasive
abscess collection of pus underneath the skin
antipyretic medication used to reduce a fever
acute new, rapid onset, and of concern (opposite of chronic)
afebrile without a fever (temperature less than 100.4)
anterior located towards the front of the body
appendicitis dangerous infection of the appendix
auscultation listening to sounds arising within organs (ex: lungs)
benign normal, of no danger to health
bradycardia slow heart rate (HR is less than 60 bpm)
bronchitis infection of the bronchi
bronchiolitis infection of the bronchioles
catheter tube interested into vessels or body cavities to permit injection or withdrawal of fluids or to keep a passage open
chronic long-standing, constant. opposite of acute
cellulitis infection of skin cells
conjunctivitis infection of the outer layer of the eye
dialysis process of removing waste from the blood for people with renal failure
diaphoresis sweating
diffuse spread out (not localized)
distal farther from the trunk of the body
dyspnea difficulty breathing
dysuria painful urination
ecchymosis bruise
-ectomy (suffix) surgical removal
edema swelling
emesis vomiting
epilepsy seizure disorder
epistaxis nose bleed
erythema/erythematous redness/red
exudates (tonsillar) pus-pockets on the tonsils
febrile state of having a fever (temperature more than 100.4)
grossly obviously, a lot, wholly
hematemesis gross amounts of blood in the vomit
hematuria blood in the urine
hemoptysis coughing up gross amounts of blood
hemorrhage excessive or profuse bleeding
hepatomegaly enlarged liver
hernia protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
hyperlipidemia high cholesterol
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
hypoxia low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood
ICD-10 a system to classify and code diagnoses, symptoms, and procedures
infarct area of dead tissue after a lack blood supply
inferior lower on the body, farther from the head
ischemia lack of blood supply
-itis (suffix) inflammation
laceration splitting of the skin due to trauma
lateral farther from the midline
lethargic septic, very sick, about to die
medial nearer to the midline
meningitis dangerous infection to the outer lining of hte brain
otitis externa infection of the outer ear (ear canal)
otitis media infection of inner ear (behind eardrum)
melena black tarry stool
myalgia muscular pain (muscular aches)
pallor pale skin
palpation examine by touch
palpitation to beat rapidly, irregularly, or forcibly (usually relating to the heart)
peritoneal signs guarding/rebound/rigidity. PE findings indicating a rupture in the abdomen
pharyngitis throat infection
pneumonia bacterial infection of the lunbs
posterios/dorsal rear or backside of the body
prone body position lying flat, face down
proximal nearer to teh trunk of the body
pulmonary relating to the lungs
purulence/purulent pus/pus-like
rales crackles, wet crackling noise in lungs
rhinorrhea clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"
rhonci rattling noise of mucous in the lungs
-scopy viewing with a scope
sepsis dangerous infection of the blood
sinusitis infection/inflammation of the nasal sinuses
small bowel obstruction physical blockage of the small intestines
streptococcal pharyngitis strep throat
superior higher on the body, nearer to the head
supine body position lying face up
syncope "passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting
tachycardia fast heart rate (HR is greater than 100 bpm)
trismus inability to open the jaw due to pain
tachypnea increased breathing rate
ulceration blisters or open sores
vertigo room-spinning dizziness
wheezing high pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease
Created by: LittleD331