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Anatomy Chapter 4

TermDefinition
Diaphysis the shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis The bulbous end of a long bone
hematopoiesis process of blood cell formation
Ossification process of bone formation
Periosteum fibrous connective tissue membrane that surrounds and protect the shaft of long bones
Remodeling adult bones can change in density, strength and sometimes shape.
Axial Skeleton Central, stable portion of the skeletal system, consisting of the skull, spinal column and thoracic cage
fontanel openings in the infant skull through which the baby's pulse can be felt
appendicular skeleton bones of the bodys appendages, arms and legs
amenorrhea absence of a menstrual period in women of reproductive age
amphiarthrosis joint type that permits only slight motions
anorexia nervosa body weight 15% or more below the minimal normal weight range
atlas the first cervical vertebra
bulimia nervosa disorder eating that involves a minimum of two eating binges a week for at least three months
bursae small capsules lined with synovial membranes and filled with synovial fluid
bursitis inflammation of one or more bursa
diarthrosis freely movable joints; also known as synovial joint
dislocation injury that involves displacement of a bone from its joint socket
Ligament collagen and elastic fibers that connect bones to other bone
osteoarthritis degenerative disease of articular cartilage, characterized by pain, swelling, range-of-motion restriction, and stiffness
osteopenia reduced bone mass without the presence of a fracture
osteoporosis bone mineralization and strength are so abnormally low that regular, daily activities can result in painful fracture
Sprain abnormal motion of the articulating bones that result in overstretching or tearing of ligaments, tendons, or other connective tissues crossing a join
Stress fracture tiny, painful crack in bone that results from overuse
Sutures irregularly grooved, articulating bone sheets join closely and are tightly connected by fibrous tissue
symphysis type of amphiarthrosis joint in which a thin plate of hyaline cartilage separates a disc of fibrocartilage from the bone
synarthrosis fibrous joint that can absorb shock, but permits little or no movement
synchondrosis amphiarthrosis joint in which the articulating bones are held together by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage
syndesmosis dense, fibrous tissue binds the bones together, permitting extremely limited movement
tendon tissue band composed of collagen and elastic fi bers that connects a muscle to a bone
Created by: cheyannem