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history finals 2

the second history stack: THE ELECTRIC BOOGALOO

Question/TermAnswer/Definition
1. What is checks and balances? A plan to keep any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
2. What is a republic? A government in which citizens elect people to speak or act for them.
3. What is naturalization? The act of giving full citizenship to a person born in another country.
4. What is the Elastic Clause? A part of the Constitution that gives congress power to make laws as needed.
5. What is a coalition? A group of several political parties.
6.What is a party platform? A statement of ideas, policies, and beliefs of a political party in an election.
7. What are the Articles of Confederation? The first plan of government for the United States.
8. What is Capitalism? An economic system in which people and businesses own and control production (A.K.A market economy).
9. What is Mercantilism? An economic system where based on the idea that a country becomes strong by having wealth and control of the market.
10. What is a recall The process of removing a public official from office by voting.
11. What is gerrymandering? To make voting districts that are unfair to a political party.
12. What is a refugee? A person who flees from a country to a safer place.
13. At the 1787 Constitutional Convention, what did most small states support? The New Jersey Plan
14. How long is a senator's term Six years
15. How long is a Representative's term (House of Representatives) Two years
16. What are the principles upon which the Constitution is written? Popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
17. What is the most common way to participate in government? Voting
18. What is the basic constitutional duty of the president? To be the leader of the executive branch and carry out laws made by Congress.
19. What are the qualifications to be president? The person must be a natural-born American citizen, at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for 14 years.
20. Why did the Anti-Federalists criticize the United States Constitution? They thought it would take away many state and individual rights.
21.What is the duty of the defense department? To maintain the country's defense and to provide military training for the Army, Navy, and Air Force
22. What did a slave count for under the Constitution? every 5 slaves counts the same as 3 free men.
23. What is a federal system form of government? A system of government in which power is divided between a central government and state governments.
24. How long is a justice's term in Supreme Court? It's a life term.
25. What were the first two parties after the adoption of the Constitution? The Whigs (who opposed the English king and Parliament) and the Tories (who were loyal to the English Government).
26. What is the purpose of a primary election? To elect candidates or select delegates at a party convention to vote for a candidate to represent that party in the general election
27. What is the largest expense for a state government? Public education.
28. What is the source of about 25% of a state's revenue? Personal income taxes.
29. What are the different courts that compromise a state judicial system? State courts, general trial courts, and supreme court.
30. What is the major source of income for a local government? Property and sales taxes.
31. What is the total amount of senators? 100
32. What is the issue of the only amendment to be repealed? Prohibition (18th Amendment, repealed by the 21st Amendment)
33. What document did the Pilgrims write when they came to America? The Mayflower Compact.
34. What is the best measurement of pubic opinion? An opinion poll.
35. What were the names of the legislatures who debated at the Constitutional Convention? The Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
36. How many articles are in the Constitution? 7
37. How many amendments are there in the bill of rights? 10
38. How many judges are there on the Supreme Court? 9
39. How many total amendments are there to the Constitution? 27
40. How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution? 9 out of 13
41. What are the amount of members on the House of Representatives determined by? The population of their states.
42. Who is the leader of the senate? The vice president of the United States.
43. Who is the leader of the House of Representatives? The Speaker of the House
44. Who is the "Father of the Constitution"? James Madison
45. Who officially elects the president according to the Constitution? The people
46. Who was influenced Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of Independence? Many people in England and Europe.
47. Where did most immigrants come when they arrived in America in the 1800s? Castle Garden (The book didn't say anything about it, by the way, Ellis Island is from the 1900s)
48. Where was the constitutional convention held? Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
49. What are the legislature's duties? To make laws, collect taxes, maintain the armed forces, regulate trade, punish certain crimes, and check on the other two branches.
50. What were two forms of legislatures proposed at the Constitutional Convention? The Virginia Plan (a strong central government) and the New Jersey Plan (more power for states).
Created by: andrew72069