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THE HUMAN BODY CH 1

Anatomy & Phsiology

QuestionAnswer
study of the structure and parts of the body Anatomy
the number of bones in the body Anatomy
where certain structures are located Anatomy
study of function and how body parts work Phsiology
knowing how the nervous system sends nerve impulses Phsiology
studying the pathway of blood through the heart Phsiology
understanding how wounds heal Phsiology
Stucture determines function Functoin determines structur
Large structures, Easily Observable Gross Anatomy
Very small structures, Can only be viewed with a microscope Microscopic Anatomy
atoms form molecules such as water, sugar, and proteins Chemical
molecules that combine to have specific functions Cells
a group of cells performing a specific funcion Tissues
a group of tissues performing a similar function Organ Systems
all 11 organ systems working together Organism
Chemical>Cells>Tissues> Organ>Organ Systems>Organism
Forms the external body covering(waterproofs) Integumentary
Protects deeper tissue from injury(cushions) Integumentary
Location of cutaneous nerve receptors Integumentary
Regulates temperature by sweating Integumentary
Made of bones,carilage,ligaments,joints Skeletal
Provides muuscle attachment for movement Skeletal
Site of blood cell formation(hematopoiesis) Skeletal
Protects(skull) and support body organs Skeletal
Stores minerals(hardness of bones) Skeletal
Allows locomotion by moving bones Muscular
Maintains posture, Produces hear Muscular
Function is to contract Muscular
Quickly sends and receives messages to act as the control system of our body Nervous
Responds to irritants or stimuli(internal and external) Nervous
Made of brain,spinal cord, and nerve Nervous
Makes and secretes hormones to control and regulate all body activites Endocrine
Growth,Reproduction,Metabolism Endocrine
Transports and delievers mateials via blood pumped by heart Cardiovascular
Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Nutrients, Waste, Hormones Cardiovascular
Made of heart, blood vessels Cardiovascular
Disposes of debris Lymphatic
Involved in immunity Lymphatic
Return fluids to blood vessels Lymphatic
Brings in oxygen, removes carbon dioxide Respiratory
Lungs, nose, throat, etc., Respiratory
Keeps blood supplied with oxygen Respiratory
Breaks down food into particles to be stored Digestive
Allows for nutriend absorption into blood Digestive
Eliminates unused material Digestive
Stomach, esophagus, intestines, rectum Digestive
Eliminates nitorgen-containing wastes Urinary
Regulates water and salts(electrolytes) Urinary
Maintains acid-base balance in blood Urinary
Kidneys,bladder Urinary
Reproduction of offspring Reproductive
Males-Sperm, Females-Ovalegg Reproductive
The skin separates the body from the _____ environment;Maintain Boundaries
Membrane is _____ to allow substances in and out semipermeable;Maintain Boundaries
Locomotion(external-_______) muscles;Movement
Movement of substances(internal-_____) blood;Movement
Irritability, Ability to respond to a ____ stimulus;Responsiveness
Largely a ______ system function nervous;Responsiveness
Break-down and delivery of _____ nutrients;Digestion
A term for ____ reactions within the body chemical; Metabolism
Regulated by ______ secreted by glands in the ____ system hormones;endocrine;Metabolism
Provides _____for_____, repair and movement energy;growth; Metabolism
Elimination of ______, toxins and salts from metaboic reactions waste;Metabolism
Production of future generation Reproduction
Cells grow and divide(mitosis) Reproduction
Increasing of cell size and number Growth
Ony happens when the number of cells produced is _____ than the number destroyed greater; Growth
Chemicals for ____ and cell building energy; Nutrients
Carbohydrates(____), Proteins(___ cell stuctures), Lipids(_____,_____,energy storage) energy; building; protection; insulation; Nutrients
Vitamins and minerals-needed for chemical reactions in cells Nutrients
__% of our air is oxygen 20;Oxygen
_____% of our body weight 60-80;Water
Provides for ______(chemical) reaction(needed for reactions to occur) metabolic; Water
Everything in our body has a ___ base that is ___(urine, blood, saliva, etc.,) fluid;water; Water
Must be maintaind around __ degrees for enzyme reactions in cells 98; Stable Body Temp.
Constant body temperature is maintained primarily by chemical reactions of food digestion, ______ of skeletal muscles Contractio; Stable Body Temp.
Too cold- body ___ to increast temp. To hot- body ___ to release heat shivers;sweat; Stable Body Temp.
High altitude makes it harder to breathe, body will adjust in ___ weeks 2-3; Atmospheric pressure must be appropriate
High presseue during SCUBA diving causes The _____ if not careful Rends; Atmospheric pressure must be appropriate
Maintencance of a stable internel environment=_ ____ __ ________ a state of equilibrium; Homeostasis
Homeostatic imbalance- a disturbance in homeostasis resulting in ____ disease
Homeostasis must be maintained for ____ body functioning and to sustain _____ life;normal
The body communicates through ___(____) and _____ control systems neural(nerve); hormonal
Communication within the body is essential for _______ homeostasis
Includes most homeostatic control mechanisms, Shuts off the orginal stimulus, or reduces its intensity, Works like a household thermostat Negative feedback
Increase the orginal stimulus to push the variable farther, In the body this only occurs in blood clotting and birth of a baby Positive feedback
dividing into right and left cut Midsaggital
divinding into a front and back cut Frontal
divinding into a superior and inferior horizontal cut Transverse
above(your head is ______ to you feet) Superior
below(your toes are ____ to your hips) Inferior
toward the front-ventral(your nose is ____ to your ears) Anterior
toward the back-dorsal(your spine is ____ to your nose) Posterior
toward the midline(your mouth is ____ to your eyes) Medial
away from the midline(your arms are on the ____ side of your body) Lateral
close to the point of limb attachment(your knee is ____ to your toes) Proximal
away from the point of limb attachment(your fingers are ___ to your elbow) Distal
near the body surface(your skin is ___ to your muscles) Superficial
beneath the body surface(your bones are ___ to your muscles) Deep
____-space inside bony skull Cranial; Dorsal Cavities
____-space extending from cranial cavity to end of vertebral column Spinal; Dorsal Cavities
Thoracic-chest Vetral Cavities
_____ cavity- surrounds lungs Pleural; Ventral Cavities
____ cavity- surrounds heart Pericardial; Ventral Cavities
Abdominopelvic-inferior to diaphragm Ventral Cavities
____ cavity- lower GI tract adominal; Ventral Cavities
____ cavity- urinary and reproductive organs pelvic; Ventral Cavities
Created by: skoobi