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Legislative Branch

Unit 3 Vocabulary and Concepts

Legislative Branch branch of government that makes the laws
Congress National legislature; House of Representatives and the Senate
Speaker of the House Leader of the House of Representatives
Qualifications to be a Representative 25 years old; U.S. Citizen; live in district representing
Qualifications to be a Senator 30 years old; U.S. Citizen; live in the state representing
Represent to speak, act or make laws on another's behalf
Veto to reject; as in the President can veto a bill
2 years Term of a Representative in the House
6 years Term of a United States Senator
Bicameral a two-house legislature; like the United States Congress
Legislature a lawmaking group, such as the United States Congress
Legislator a person who makes laws, such as a United States Senator or Representative
Legislate to make laws
Term how many years someone serves in an elected position, such as a Senator's term is 6 years
Treaty an agreement made with another country which must be approved by the Senate
Lobbying attempting to influence a legislator's vote on a bill or to get a legislator to introduce a bill
Unconstitutional violates the Constitution
Census a count of the U.S. population that takes place every 10 years; used to determine number of representatives a state gets
Equal representation in the Senate each state has two Senators
Representation based on population in the House of Representatives a state's number of representatives will be based on the state's population
President pro tempore leader of the Senate when the Vice President is unavailable
Vice President leader of the Senate
Majority party the political party with the most representation
Minority party the political party with the least representation
Expressed powers powers specifically given to Congress in the Consitution
Implied powers powers not specifically listed in the Constitution; necessary and proper clause
Necessary and proper clause known as the elastic clause; Congress can "stretch" its powers to carry out its expressed powers
Appropriations bill bill to spend money; must originate in the House
Committee work where most of the work on Congress is done
Created by: ssluck