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Medterm 11

Urinary System

TermDefinition
Kidney bean shaped organ located in the lumbar region of the back
ureters carry urine from the kidney to the bladder
bladder temporary reservoir for urine
urethra carries urine from the bladder to outside the body (urination/voiding)
nephron formes urine by process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion
renal corpuscule beginning of urine formation
glomerulus transports waste products for filtration
bowman capsule begins waste removal
renal tubule end of urine formation
albumin/o albumin, protein
azot/o nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o bacteria
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
kal/i potassium
keton/o ketone bodies
lith/o stone, calculus
meat/o opening, meatus
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urine
cystocele prolapse of the bladder
end-stage renal disease inability of kidneys to function to meet the need for daily activities (10% or less than a healthy kidney)
urolithiasis presence of stones in any part of the urinary tract (typically kidney)
hydronephrosis distention of the renal pelvis and calyces caused by urine reflux
catheritization insertion of a tube into the bladder
hemodialysis diversion of a patient's blood into a machine for filtration of waste when the kidneys are unable to do so
peritoneal dialysis dialysis using the patient's peritoneum as the dialyzing membrane
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) use of sound wave vibrations to pulverize uroliths
renal transplantation diseased kidneys replaced by a donor kidney
bladder scan use of sound waves to estimate the amount of urine in the bladder
urinal stent placement insertion of a tube into the ureter to treat obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the bladder
percutaneous nephrostomy opening created between the skin and kidney to drain urine
cystoscopy insertion of a cystoscope through the urethra and into the bladder
blood urea nitrogen measurement of the amount of urea in a blood sample
antibiotics treat bacterial infections
antispasmodics decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder
diuretics promote the excretion of urine
potassium supplements replace potassium depletion caused by diuretics
Created by: aleelyse