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MedTerm 13

Male Reproductive System

TermDefinition
gamete reproductive cell that contains one-half of the chromosomes required to produce offspring
libido psychological and physical drive for sexual activity
semen fluid containing sperm and secretions from the prostate and other structures of the male reproductive system, also called seminal fluid
sphincter ringlike muscle that opens and closes a body opening to allow or restrict passage through the structure
testosterone androgenic hormone responsible for the development of the male sex organs, including the penis, testicles, scrotum, and prostate
andr/o male
balan/o glans penis
crypt/o hidden
epididym/o epididymis
genit/o genitalia
gonad/o gonads, sex glands
gon/o seed (ovum or spermatozoon)
olig/o scanty (few)
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o testis/testes
perine/o perineum
prostat/o prostate gland
spermat/o, sperm/o spermatozoa/sperm cells
varic/o dilated vein
vas/o vessel, vas deferens, duct
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
-cide killing
-spadias slit, fissure
brachy- short
testes produce sperm, secrete testosterone
epididymis storage place for sperm before ejaculation
vas deferens transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
seminal vesicle provides nutrients to support sperm, produces seminal fluid
ejaculatory duct duct through which sperm enters the urethra
prostate gland produces alkaline substance that protects sperm against the acidity of the vagina
penis encloses the urethra
sexually transmitted infections any contagious disease acquired during sexual activity
Bacterial STDs gonorrhea, chlamydia
Viral STDs Genital herpes, genital warts
benign prostatic hyperplasia nonmalignant enlarged prostate
prostate cancer malignant neoplasm of prostatic tissue
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) removal of the prostate (indicated for benign prostatic hyperplasia)
Vasectomy cutting and tying of both ends of the vas deferens to prevent sperm from entering ejaculate
ultrasound of the prostate aids in examination of the prostate, monitoring effectiveness of cancer treatment, and biopsies of the prostate
brachytherapy radiation oncology procedure in which radioactive seeds are placed at the site of the tumor to destroy malignant cells
digital rectal examiniation physical exam of the prostate to check for signs of pathology using palpitation
semen analysis lab test that determines the quantity of semen produced by the male
prostate-specific antigen test (PSA) blood test used to determine the level of PSA produced by the prostate
alpha-1 blockers relax muscles and improve urine flow in BPH
androgens increase testosterone levels
antiandrogens suppress androgen production
anti-impotence agents treat ED by increasing blood flow to the penis
antivirals inhibit the development of the offending virus
Created by: aleelyse