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Chapter 13

Active/Passive Immunity + Hypersensitivity

TermDefinition
Active Immunity The individual produced antibodies against the antigen.
Passive Immunity The individual receive prepared antibodies from another person.
Immunizations/vaccines Substances that contain antigens to which the immune system responds. A form of active immunity.
Monoclonal antibodies Identical antibodies that are produced from one type of B-cell.
Allergies Hypersensitivities to a substance such as pollen or animal hair.
IgE mediated allergic response (Immediate allergic response) An immediate response that leads to a release of histamine.
Anaphylactic Shock Occurs as a result of an immediate allergic response where an allergen is in the blood stream. This can be deadly due to a drop in blood pressure. Epinephrine injection can help counter the anaphylactic shock.
T-cell mediated allergic response Initiated by memory T-cells, sometimes called a delayed response. Not as an intense of a reaction.
Immunosuppressive drugs Drugs used to prevent tissue rejection or autoimmune disease. These drugs are useful in organ transplants so the body does not reject the newly implanted organ.
Autoimmune disease A disease where cytotoxic T-cells or antibodies attack the bodies own cells as if they are foreign. Examples include: myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn's disease.
Created by: Mr.Klein