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Intro to A&P Ch 1

Intro to A&P Herlihy Ch 1-4, 6

The branch of science that describes how the body functions Physiology
The branch of science that describes the structure of the body Anatomy
The level of organism considered the basic unit of life: The cell
Name the 11 human organ systems (MRS INCLUDER) muscular, respiratory, skeletal, integumentary, nervous, circulatory, lymphatic, urinary, digestive, endocrine, reproductive
What is the directional term that means above? Superior
Which directional term means front? Anterior or ventral
This term means near the point of attachment: Proximal
This term means away from the point of attachment: Distal
Is the thigh proximal or distal to the foot? Proximal
This plan divides the body lengthwise into right and left halves Sagittal plan
The term that refers to the lower back region Lumbar
Which body cavities are ventral thoracic cavity, abdoninopelvic (abdominal & pelvic) cavity
What is the position of the thoracic cavity to the abdominopelvic cavity? superior
Which organs are in the thoracic cavity? heart & lungs
Which cavity is divided into four quadrants? abdominopelvic
The brain is located in which cavity? Dorsal cavity-cranial
All organic compounds contain what element? carbon
On the pH scale, what is considered neutral? 7 (in the middle of the scale from 0-14)
A pH of less than 7 is said to be... Acidic
This structure is the control center of the cell... the nucleus
Which structure converts energy into ATP? The mitochondria (the power plant)
In this process water is pulled from an area where there is more water to an area of less water. Osmosis
A semi-permeable membrane divides a beaker into 2 compartments. Compartment A contains 20% NaCl solution. Compartment B contains 50% NaCl solution. Water will diffuse from compartment ______ to ______ from compartment A to compartment B
If a semi-permeable membrane is permeable to both water and NaCl, the NaCl will diffuse from the side with ________ to the side with ________ concentration. higher (more) NaCl to lower (less) NaCl
The four phases of mitosis are... 1) prophase 2) metaphase 3) anaphase 4) telophase
A carbohydrate consisting of any glucose molecules known as starches... polysaccharides
Hairlike structures located on the outer surface of the cell membrane... cilia
The term that refers to the bursting of red blood cells... hemolysis
A cell placed in a hypotonic solution such as water will... swell & lyse (burst)
A red blood cell placed in a hypertonic solution will... crenate or shrink
The scent from a skunk moves through the air by this process... diffusion
This cellular structure can be described as rough or smooth. endoplasmic reticulum
A gel-like substance located inside the cell, but outside the nucleus. cytoplasm
What are the four major types of tissues? Hint: Every Nurse Cooks Muffins 1) epithelial 2) nervous 3) connective 4) muscular
This type of tissue is found in the urinary bladder and allows it to stretch. transitional epithelium
This is the most abundant of the four tissue types. connective tissue
Ligaments, tendons, and cartilage are this type of tissue. connective
This type of membrane lines the cavities such as mouth, respiratory tract and reproductive tract. mucous membrane
This tissue type is able to repair and regenerate quickly. epithelial
bone and cartilage is formed by these types of cells... osteocytes and chondrocytes
Created by: blankenshipm