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ANATOMY UNIT3 TEST

Tissue Injury and Healing

QuestionAnswer
Periosteum outer enclosure which is continuous with tendons and ligaments blood vessels
Epiphysis ends of bone which made up of spongy bone and compact bone
Diaphysis middle or body of bone
Articular Cartilage smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones where they come together to form joint
Bleeding into the area of the fracture occurs in what stage of bone healing? Stage 1: Acute
Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts begin to work in this stage Stage 1: Acute
Fibrocartilage callus begins tissue repair in which stage Stage 1: Acute
A fibrous callus form as a splint on the inside and outside layer of the bone in which stage ? Stage 2: Repair
Callus is reabsorbed and replaced with fibrous cord of bone around fracture in this stage Stage 3: Remodeling
What components make up skin? Collagen and Elastin
Afferent nerves transmit info from the skin, muscles, etc. to the central nervous system (brain)
Efferent transmit control signals to the muscles from the brain
Hypoesthesia reduced sensation
Hyperesthesia heightened sensation
Paresthesia numbness, tingling, prickling
How can inflammation affect the nervous system? It can cause chronic pain along the nerve's pathway
Sprain Injuries that occur to ligaments
Strain Injuries that occur to muscles and tendons
What type of injury caused by overuse, excessive contraction, weakened tissue, etc. ? Tendonitis
What type of fracture, usually seen in children, that one side of the bone fractures and the other side bends Greenstick fracture
What type of fracture that occurs at a right angle to the bone's long axis? Transverse Fracture
What type of fracture that bone is broken into 3 or more pieces? Comminuted fracture
What types of fracture that is unique to adolescence Salter-Harris Fractures
Created by: thanhtam2109