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Flavin AP106 Urinary

AP Ch 20 Urinary 2017

QuestionAnswer
Where are the kidneys located: Just above the waistline under the muscles of the back and behind the parietal peritoneum.
The internal structures of the kidneys are: Cortex, Medulla, Pyramids, Papilla, Pelvis, Calyx
The _____ are narrow tubes less than 6 mm wide and approx. 25-30 cm long. Ureters
Ureters ______connects and transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder?
What diagnostic test can be used in the medical office to help the Dr. r/o or dx possible disease and or disorders of the kidneys? UA
I transport urine from the bladder to the outside. What am I (In males I also transport sperm)? Urethra
Urinary retention is a condition in which what occurs? No urine is voided
Urinary _____ occurs when the kidneys do not produce urine, but the bladder retains the ability to empty itself. Suppression
When a patient voids urine involuntarily it is called: Incontinence
What are the 3 components to a urinalysis? Chemical, Physical, Microscopic
What is cystitis? Inflammation of the bladder
The specialist for kidneys is called: Nephrologist
The specialist for the urinary system is called: Urologist
The approx. urine output of a healthy adult will range between what? 750 - 2000 mL
Proteinuria is the presence of ______________________________________. Proteins, especially albumin, in the urine.
renal calculi are: kidney stones
Pyelonephritis is: Inflammation of the renal pelvis and connective tissue of the kidney.
The 3 hormones that regulate urine volume are: ADH, ANH, and aldosterone
What is the most common urinary disorder? A bladder infection. (UTI)
What happens when a UA sets at room temperature for 20 min? This will double every 20 minutes. The bacteria doubles.
BUN stands for: Blood, Urea, Nitrogen
___________________ would be elevated in the blood if the person were doing strenuous work on a hot day and perspiring heavily. This person would be losing water and the body would be trying to retain as much water as possible. ADH (antidiuretic hormone) *which allows water to be reabsorbed from the kidney tubules rather than having it lost in the urine.
Created by: Iteach4Docs