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RBT Flashcards (C1)

RBT Flashcards (First part of Section C)

QuestionAnswer
Give some examples of unconditioned reinforcers for humans Water, food, sex, warmth when cold, coolness when hot
Explain how to create a new conditioned reinforcer After the organism does a response, deliver the neutral stimulus and then the unconditioned reinforcer. Repeat this many times. Also called pairing
What are the steps of a discrete trial? *Get student's attention *Deliver instruction *Prompt if necessary *Wait for response *Consequate based on correctness *Take data
What does naturalistic teaching look like? Joining the learner when he/she is already doing something they enjoy and then sneaking in discrete trials as you sit with them. Praise, but not tokens are usually the consequence
Give an example of naturalistic teaching You can give any example (e.g. A child is playing with his fire truck and you say "What color is that?" and he says "Red" and you say "That's right!")
How do DTT and naturalistic differ in terms of learner motivation? In DTT, the learner is usually working to earn a "contrived" reward. In naturalistic, the motivator is the learner's natural interest in the item or activity he/she is engaging with
What is a task analysis? Looking at a complex task and breaking it down into specific steps
How do you decide how many steps you need to break a task into? It depends on your learner. Try breaking it down into a reasonable number of steps and then test it on your learner. If they struggle with certain steps, you need to break them down into smaller steps
When should you use backwards chaining? When completing the task leads to a big reinforcer
When should you use forward chaining? When completing the task doesn't lead to a big reinforcer
When should you use total task chaining? When the learner can already do at least 50% of the steps independently
What is forward chaining? Start with them just doing the first step and then add more and more steps as you see success
What is backward chaining? Start with them just doing the last step and then add second to last step, etc. as you see success
What is total task chaining? Allow them to complete the whole task, with you giving prompting and reinforcement when appropriate
Give an example of when you would use backward chaining You can give any example (e.g. making a sandwich because completing the task leads to getting to eat a sandwich)
How do you implement forward chaining? Have them do step 1, prompt if necessary, reinforce with a contrived reinforcer if correct, then let them be done with the task. You can finish the rest of the steps for them. Next, have them do steps 1 and 2, then 1, 2 and 3, and so on
How do you implement backward chaining? For a 10 step task, have them do step 10, then let them contact the big reinforcer. Then steps 9 and 10, then 8, 9 and 10, and so on
Created by: Cambam