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*chapter 2

medical terminology

abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
bol/o to cast (throw)
cervic/o neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o cartilage ( type of connective tissue)
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dist/o fat, distant
dors/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lowerback (side and back between the ribs and pelvis)
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis
poster/o back, behind
proxim/o nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, windpipe
umbillic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly side of the body
vertebr/o vertebra(e), backbone(s)
viscer/o internal organs
ana- up
cata- down
epi- above
hypo- below
inter- between
meta- change
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ism process, condition
-ose pertaining to, full of
-plasm formation
-somes bodies
-type picture, classification
anabolism process of building up
catabolism process of breaking down
cell membrane structure that surrounds and protects the cell
chromosomes rod shaped structures that contain DNA
cytoplasm material that fills the cell
DNA chemical found in each chromosome
endoplasmic reticulum site where protien synthesis takes place
genes regions of DNA within each chromosomw
metabolism total chemical process in a cell
mitochondria structures that burn food for energy
nucleus control center, containes chromosomes
adipose tissue collection of fat cells
cartilage flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints
epithelial cells skin that covers the body and internal surfaces of organs
larynx voice box
pharynx throat
pituitary gland endocrine gland at the base of the brain
thyroid gland endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea
ureter 1 of 2 tubes from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra tube from urinary bladder to outside of the body
uterus womb
viscera internal organs
dorsal (posterior) pertaining to the back
mediastinum centrally located between the lungs
peritoneum membrane that surrounds the abdonimal organs
pleura membrane surrounding each lung
ventral (anterior) pertaining to the front
superficial on the surface
proximal near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
distal far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the begining of a structure
inferior below another structure
superior above another structure
medial pertaining to the middle
lateral pertaining to the side
supine lying on the back
prone lying on the belly
Created by: catmot567