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Chapter 1 Questions

Overall questions for Chapter 1

What are the 11 organ systems? Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary, Reproductive
What is anatomy The study of the structure and shape of the body and it’s parts and their relationship to one another.
What is physiology The study of how the body and its parts work or function. (Subdivisions: neurophysiology
Name 9 levels of structural organization Atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Name 11 organ systems Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary, Reproductive
Name 7 characteristics of life Digestion, Excretion, Growth, Metabolism, Movement, Reproduction, Respiration
What is maintenance of life? The structures and functions of all body parts.
Requirements of organims Water, Foods, Oxygen, Heat, Pressure
What does water do for the body? 1. Need for metabolic reactions2. Transports substances within the organism3. Regulates body temperature
What do foods do for the body? 1. Provides nutrients & water2. Used for energy3. for building new living matter4. help regulate vital chemical reactions
What does oxygen do? 1. releases energy from food2. drives metabolic processes
What does heat do? 1. form of energy2. more heat means more chemical reactions
What does pressure do? Important for breathing. Oxygen exchange can't take place without it
What is body temperature? 98.6 F or 37 degrees C
Homeostatis stable internal environment
Receptors provides information about internal environment
Effectors Provides a means by which control center can cause a response. (Shivering causes chemical reactions causing heat.)
What happens when molecules join? They make macromolecules
What does the axial portion include? head, neck and trunk
Name 7 cavities in the axial portion dorsal, vental diaphram, mediastinum region, abdominal cavity, pelvic
What are organs within the ventral cavity called? visceral organs or viscera
What is the Mediastinum? separates the lungs into right and left cavities in the thoracic cavity. It houses the heart, trachea and other visceral organs.
Pleural cavity Over lungs
Peritoneal Cavity Over stomach
Pericardial Over heart
Peritoneal membranes the lining membranes
Parietal peritoneum lines the wall My Note: (outer most)
Visceral peritoneum covers each organ My Note: surrounds the organ
Peritoneal cavity is portion between them
Name 5 body parts to be in the integumentary system skin, nails, hair, sweat glands and sebacecous glands
What does the skeletal system consist of? bones, ligaments and crtilages
What does the skeletal system do? provides framework, protects softer tissues, attachments for muscles, bone tissue produces blood cells and stores inorganic salts.
What are the 2 body covering systems? Integumentary system & skeletal system
What are the 2 interation (interacting) and coordination systems? nervous system and the endocrine system
What are the 4 organs that the nervous system consists of? brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs
How to nerves communicate? by nerve impulese which are electrochemical
Name 9 endorine glands pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal and thymus
What are 2 transport organ systems? cardiovascular and lymphatic
What does the lymphatic system consist of? lympathic vessels, lymph fluids, lymph nodes, thymus glands and spleen
Name 3 organ systems that are absorption and excretion digestive,rspiratory, urinary
Name 12 things that the digestive system consists of mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine
Name 6 things that the respiratory system consists of nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Name 4 things the urinary system consists of kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
What does the dorsal cavity contain? The cranial cavity and the spinal cavity
What does the ventral cavity contain? Neck to Legs: thoracic, abdominal, pelvic. Is separated by diaphragm
What is normal body temperature? 98.6 F or 37 degrees celsius
What is the axial portion? It includes head, neck and trunk
What is the appendicular portion? upper and lower limbs
What is another name for pleural cavity? potential space
What is kinetic energy? constant movement of atoms-bouncing ball
What is potential energy inactive or stored energy-battery
Created by: cherub7