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Art Test #2

Characteristics of Japanese Arts Simplicity of form and design, attentiveness to the beauty of nature and sublety
Jomon culture 5000 BC Neolithic culture in the area of modern day Japan, produced simple undecorated food vessels made of red clay
Haniwa Clay sculptures set up around gigantic burial mounds, includes pedestaled clay bowls, plates and unglazed ceramic cylinders with human/animal faces
Bibutsu Largest Buddhist sculpture in Japan, housed in largest wooden temple in the world (Todai-ji)
Cha-no-yu Zen-inspired tea ceremony
Ikebana Japanese flower arranging
Sumi-e Chinese ink style painting usually done on absorbent rice paper in quick confident strokes
Ukiyo-e Unique style of genre painting, later used in woodcuts, "art of the floating world"
Wat National temples in Cambodia which later held tombs
Angkor Wat Temple in Cambodia dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu
Borobudor Stupa with 10 levels, 1 of 7 wonders of ancient world, cosmic mountain, lowest level represents hell
Batik Fabrics painted with wax-stencil dyeing process
Oceania Consists of Australia, New Zealand and nearby islands
Totem Animal/natural object which symbolizes a clan/family
Masks Important form of Oceanic art and sculpture
Tattoo Work on the human body originated in the Marquesas
Maori people of New Zealand Also used tattooing tradition
Australian Aborigine Native people of Austalia
X-Ray Style Aborigines used this style to depict internal organs and outside of creature in the same image
Arabesques Swirling designs used to ornament objects
Minaret Prayer tower opposite the qibla where muezzin calls to prayer
Mosque/temple Major architectural form in Islam
Qibla One wall in the mosque which faces Mecca and contains a prayer niche
Muezzin A man who calls the Muslim faithful to prayer
3 characteristics of Islamic architecture Courtyard/garden often with fountain or water, minarets, dome
Cruciform A cross architectural floor plan
Topkapi Palace The sultan's palace in Istanbul, Turkey
Blue Mosque A working mosque in Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofia) Originally a Christian church, but transformed into a mosque, all human image(s) of saints were plastered over/destroyed
Mosaics Artwork made of colored glass/tesserae/stone/tile were destroyed
"Church of the Holy Wisdom" Museum in Istanbul, Turkey, under restoration
Basilica Cistern In Istanbul, Turkey, underground cistern across from the Hagia Sophia
Alhambra Palace in Grenada, Spain, the courtyards are the most famous features
Constantinople Early Istanbul, Turkey; painting, textiles, pottery and metalwork are popular media in the Islamic world
Sub-Saharan African Nomadic Culture People wandered from place to place causing them to not produce large sculptures; masks and sculptures used in religious ceremonies were important
Fetish Figures Hold ingredients that are endowed with mystical powers
Reliquary Figures Carved guardians that stand above basket receptacles for ancestral remains
Ife Advanced society in western Nigeria which produced naturalistic human sculptures cast in bronze b the lost-wax method
Oni King
Olmec Culture The most ancient culture in Mesoamerica, Olmecs carved huge monolithic basalt sculptures of faces that mixed human and catlike creatures
Jaguar A symbol of the gods and was produced in various forms of art
Codices Illuminated manuscripts painted on bark paper or deerskin parchment
Corbeling An overlapping arrangement of stones - each layer projecting a bit beyond the row beneath it
Machu Picchu "Lost City of the Incas", walled fortress and well-planned Incan community in Peru
Moundbuilders Indians of Eastern America - Ohio has the Serpent Moundd
Cliff Dwellings of Mesa Verde Chaco Canyon, New Mexico
Anasazi People Built communal apartment houses under massive cliffs
Kivas Meeting rooms used in sacred worship centers
Adobe Sun-dried bricks
Tipi A dwelling of rawhide stretched over conical framework of long poles
Maria Martinez Famous New Mexican potter known for black polished pottery
Petroglyphs Ancient rock carvings
Weaving Using a loom to make textiles
Totem Poles Stood in front of the house as signs of prestige to showcase the family's totems
Created by: archergirl