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Med Term- Cardio

Med. Term. Review- Cardio.

arteriol/o arteriole
atri/o atrium
athero/o fatty plaque
cardi/o heart
electr/o electricity
embol/o embolus
hemangi/o blood vessel
my/o muscle
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
scler/o hardening
sept/o septum
sphygm/o pulse
sten/o narrowing; stricture
thromb/o blood clot
ventricul/o ventricle(of the heart or brain)
-gram record; writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-sphyxia pulse
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
brady- slow
endo- in, within
extra- outside
peri- around
tachy- rapid
trans- across
Localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery aneurysm
Soft blowing sounds heard on ausculation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both. aka- murmur bruit
Any disease or weakening of heart muscles that diminishes cardiac function cardiomyopathy
Thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure catheter
Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions fibrillation
Area oftissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply infarct
Congenital anomaly consisting of four elements: 1) pulmonary artery stenosis; 2) interventricular septal defect; 3) transposition of the aorta; 4) right ventricular hypertrophy tetralogy of Fallot
Diagnostic test that uses radiation emitted by the body after an injection of radioactive substances to create images of various organs or identify body functions and diseases scintigraphy
Procedure to restore normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest cardioversion
Surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood supply to the heart muscle coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
MI myocardial infarction
MR mitral regurgitation
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
VT ventricular tachycardia
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
HTN hypertension
MVP mitral valve prolapse
ECG; EKG echocardiogram; echocardiography
HF heart failure
MUGA multiple-gated acquisition (scan)
ECHO echocardiogram; echocardiography
DVT deep vein thrombosis
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CV cardiovascular
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram
Condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop arrest
Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm; rapid or slow beat or "skipping" arrhythmia
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta coarctation
Calculation of how much blood a ventricle can eject with one contraction ejection fraction
Failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs Heart Failure
Mass of undissolved matter ciculating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel embolus
Arrest of bleeding or circulation hemostasis
Excessive amounts of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia
Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistantly exceeding 140 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic hypertension (HTN)
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally; thumping, fluttering, skipped beats, or pounding feeling palpitation
Failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow from the aorta into the pulmonary artery patent ductus arteriosus
Circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ perfusion
Slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessels, tubes, or obstructed arteries stent
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel thrombus
Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart Cardiac Catheterization (CC)
Graphic line recording that shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the hear using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms, and legs Electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
Blood test that measures troponin, troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase cardiac enzyme studies
Series of tests used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease lipid panel
Radiographic imaging of the heart and blood vessels after injection of a contrast dye angiography
Radiological examination of the aorta and its branches following injection of a contrast medium via a catheter aortography
Noninvasive diagnostic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart echocardiography
Nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to produce movie-like images of the structures of the heart, including the myocardium and the mitral and tricuspid valves multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA)
Removal of material from an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device atherectomy
Destruction of conduction tissue of the heart to interrupt the abnormal conduction pathway causing the arrhythmia, thus allowing normal heart rhythm to resume catheter ablation
Surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve, which have fused together at their "commisures" commissurotomy
Procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins laser ablation
Tying a varicose vein followed by removal of the affected segment ligation and stripping
Surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart, usually with the assistance of a heart-lung machine open heart surgery
Prevent, alleviate, or correct cardiac arrhythmias by stablizing the electrical conduction of the heart antiarrhythmics
Act onkidneys to increase excretion of water and sodium diuretics
Lower cholesterol in the blood and reduce its production in the liver by blocking the enzyme that produces it statins
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AF atrial fibrillation
BBB bundle-branch block
BP blood pressure
CA cardiac arrest
CAD coronary artery disease
CC cardiac catheterization
Chol cholesterol
DOE dyspnea on exertion
HDL high-density lipoprotein
LDL low-density lipoprotein
MRA Magnetic Resonance Angiogram
MS mitral stenosis
NSR normal sinus rhythm
PVC premature ventricular contraction
SA sinoatrial
Created by: SDorazio



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