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Unit 3: 8th Grade

Confederation to Constitution

TermDefinition
THE BILL OF RIGHTS THE FIRST 10 AMENDMENTS. ESTABLISH THE RIGHTS GUARANTEED TO EACH CITIZEN, SUCH AS FREEDOM OF SPEECH, THE PRESS, RELIGION, TRIAL BY JURY.......
THREE FIFTHS COMPROMISE COMPROMISE WHERE SLAVES WOULD BE COUNTED AS 3/5 OF A PERSON FOR A STATE'S REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS
CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES MAKE THE LAWS AND GOVERN ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTION-A DOCUMENT THAT EXPLAINS THE PRINCIPLES/RULES OF THE GOVERNMENT
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 1ST PLAN OF GOVERNMENT OF U.S. EACH STATE HAD A VOTE, BUT COULD NOT TAX. (JUST A LOOSE LEAGUE OF STATES)
ANTI FEDERALIST PERSON WHO SUPPORTED STRONG STATE GOV'T. A PERSON AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION.
SEPARATION OF POWERS EACH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT HAS SPECIFIC & SEPARATE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
CHECK AND BALANCES SYSTEM OF U.S. GOV'T THAT KEEPS ONE BRANCH FROM BEING MORE POWERFUL THAN THE OTHERS
THE GREAT COMPROMISE COMPROMISE OF BOTH NEW JERSEY PLAN: EACH STATE HAS 2 SENATORS. VIRGINIA PLAN : HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE IS BASED ON A STATE'S POPULATION
FEDERALISTS BELIEVE IN STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT. A PERSON IN FAVOR OF THE CONSTITUTION
FEDERALIST PAPERS NEWSPAPER ARTICLES WRITTEN BY HAMILTON & MADISON SUPPORTING THE CONSTITUTION
DEMOCRACY TYPE OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE "PEOPLE RULE"
FEDERALISM SHARING OF POWER BETWEEN FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT.
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH THE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT MAKES THE LAWS
JUDICIAL BRANCH THE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT INTERPRETS THE LAWS
EXECUTIVE BRANCH THE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT ENFORCES THE LAWS
RATIFICATION TO APPROVE FORMALLY; AMENDMENTS MUST BE RATIFIED BEFORE COMING PART OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION
GEORGE MASON WROTE VIRGINIA BILL OF RIGHTS (EXAMPLE FOR U.S. BILL OF RIGHT); HE WAS AN ANTI-FEDERALIST
NATURALIZED CITIZEN A PERSON BORN IN ANOTHER COUNTRY, BUT HAS LAWFULLY BECOME A CITIZEN
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY THE IDEA THAT GOVT. RECEIVED ITS AUTHORITY FROM THE PEOPLE (EX. "WE THE PEOPLE" & CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED")
1787 THE CONSTITUTION IS WRITTEN AND RATIFIED (APPROVED)
JAMES MADISON "FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION" B/C TOOK NOTES; WROTE FEDERALIST PAPERS SUPPORTING CONSITUTION
IMPEACH TO FORMALLY ACCUSE AN OFFICIAL OF A CRIME RELATED TO GOVERNMENTAL DUTIES
DUE PROCESS RULES THAT PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED
AMENDMENT ANY CHANGES MADE TO THE CONSTITUTION.
UNALIENABLE RIGHT A RIGHT THAT CAN NOT BE SURRENDER OR TAKEN AWAY
REPUBLICANISM VOTERS HOLD THE SOVEREIGN POWER AND ELECT REPRESENTATIVES TO EXERCISE POWER FOR THEM
LIMITED GOVERNEMENT POWERS OF GOVERNMENT ARE RESTRICTED BY THE CONSTITUTION
FEDERALISM IN THIS GOVERNMENT SYSTEM POWER IS DIVIDED BETWEEN NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY PEOPLE ARE THE SOURCE OF THE GOVERNMENT'S POWER.
INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS BASIC LIBERTIES AND RIGHTS OF ALL CITIZENS ARE GUARANTEED IN THE BILL OF RIGHTS
NEW JERSEY PLAN HOUSE LEGISLATURE; BASED ON EQUAL REPRESENTATIVE FOR ALL STATES
WILLIAM PATTERSON PROPOSED THE NEW JERSEY PLAN
SMALL STATES WHAT STATES SUPPORTED THE NEW JERSEY PLAN?
THE GREAT COMPROMISE IT COMBINED THE VIRGINIA PLAN AND THE NEW JERSEY PLAN; IT HAD 2 HOUSE LEGISLATURE; HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE AND SENATE
ROGER SHERMAN WHO PROPOSED THE GREAT COMPROMISE?
3/5 TH COMPROMISE COUNT EACH ENSLAVED PERSON AS 3/5 OF FREE PERSON FOR BOTH TAXATION AND REPRESENTATION.
THE COMPROMSIE CONGRESS COULD NOT INTERFERE WITH THE SLAVE TRADE UNTIL 1808
WHERE AND WHEN DID THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION TOOK PLACE? MAY 1787 IN PHILADELPHIA.
ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS GAVE SOLE AUTHORITY TO A REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT , BEGAN JUDICIAL BRANCH AND SET UP A BILL OF RIGHTS FOR CITIZEN
HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS THAT INFLUENCED THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT MAGNA CARTA, ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS, MAYFLOWER COMPACT, DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, FEDERALIST PAPERS & ANTI FEDERALIST WRITINGS.
3RD AMENDMENT IT PUTS AN END TO BEING FORCED TO QUARTER SOLDIERS
4TH AMENDMENT THAT RIGHTS OF PEOPLE TO BE SECURE IN THEIR PERSONS, HOUSES PAPERS AND EFFECTS AGAINST UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES.
5TH AMENDMENT IT PROTECTS PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN ACCUSED OF A CRIME
6TH AMENDMENT A BASIC PROTECTION IS THE RIGHT TO A SPEEDY, PUBLIC TRIAL WITH AN IMPARTIAL JURY.
7TH AMENDMENT THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL IN CASES INVOLVING THE COMMON LAW.
8TH AMENDMENT IT PROTECTS AGAINST EXCESSIVE BAIL, FINES AND PUNISHMENT MUST NOT BE CRUEL OR UNREASONABLE.
PARDON ORDERS FROM THE PRESIDENT THAT GRANT FREEDOM FROM PUNISHMENT
LEGISLATIVE ARTICLE I OF THE CONSTITUTION ESTABLISHES THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THIS BRANCH
CONCURRENT POWERS POWERS SHARED BY BOTH STATE AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS ARE KNOWN AS THESE.
APPEAL COURTS THIRTEEN OF THESE MAKE UP PART OF THE JUDICIAL BRANCH.
THURGOOD MARSHALL HE WAS THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN SUPREME COURT JUSTICE.
TWENTY-SECOND AMENDMENT THIS AMENDMENT LIMITS PRESIDENTS TO ONLY TWO TERMS.
1ST AMENDMENT PROTECTS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHT TO PRACTICE RELIGION, TO SPEAK FREELY, TO ASSEMBLE (MEET), TO ADDRESS THE GOVERNMENT AND OF THE PRESS TO PUBLISH.
2ND AMENDMENT PROTECTS THE RIGHT TO OWN GUNS.
9TH AMENDMENT SIMPLY A STATEMENT THAT OTHER RIGHTS ASIDE FROM THOSE LISTED MAY EXITS, AND JUST BECAUSE THEY ARE NOT LISTED DOESN'T MEAN THEY CAN BE VIOLATED.
10TH AMENDMENT SAYS THAT ANY POWER NOT GRANTED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BELONGS TO THE STATE.
N.W.O 1787 THIS CREATED A SYSTEM FOR BRINGING NEW STATES INTO THE UNION
LEGISLATURE IN THE U.S. GOVERNMENT, THIS IS THE GROUP RESPONSIBLE FOR SUGGESTING AND PASSING LAWS.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE THIS IS THE TRADE THAT TAKES PLACE BETWEEN ONE OR MORE STATES.
AMENDMENT AN _____________ IS AN OFFICIAL CHANGE THAT CAN BE MADE TO THE CONSTITUTION
FEDERALISTS _________ WERE THE GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO SUPPORTED THE CONSTITUTION.
DEPRESSION A(N) ________________ IS A PERIOD OF LOW ECONOMIC ACTIVITY COMBINED WITH A RISE IN UNEMPLOYMENT.
EXECUTIVE THE ___________ BRANCH INCLUDES THE PRESIDENT AND THE DEPARTMENTS THAT HELP RUN THE GOVERNMENT.
DANIEL SHAYS LED HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE IN A FORCED SHUTDOWN OF THE SUPREME COURT IN MASSACHUSETTS.
DEBTORS _______ ARE PEOPLE WHO OWE MONEY.
LIMITED GOVERNMENT A SYSTEM IN WHICH GOVERNMENT HAS ONLY CERTAIN PWER AN CANNOT ACT BEYOND THE POWERS IT WAS SPECIFICALLY GIVEN
EXPORTS GOOD SOLD TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES
COMPROMISE AN AGREEMENT IN WHICH EACH SIDE MAKES CONCESSIONS TO THE OTHER SIDE TO RESOLVE THE DISPUTE
ARTICLE 1: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION DEFINE THE POWERS AND STRUCTURES OF THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (CONGRESS)
ARTICLE 2: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION CREATES THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT (U.S. PRESIDENT)
ARTICLE 3: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION ESTABLISHES THE JUDICIAL BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT (SUPREME COURT)
ARTICLE 4: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION OUTLINES THE OBLIGATIONS THE STATES TO EACH OTHER
ARTICLE 5: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION DESCRIBES THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE CONSTITUTION MAY BE ALTERED (AMENDMENTS)
ARTICLE 6: ORGANIZATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION ESTABLISHES THAT THE US CONSTITUTION IS THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND
CONSITUTIONAL CONVENTION A MEETING OF REPRESENTATIVES AT ANNAPOLIS IN 1786 CALLED FOR A CONVENTION OF DELEGATES TO REVISE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
GOVERNMENT THE BODY GIVEN AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT BINDING DECISIONS FOR A COMMUNITY
REPRESENTED DEMOCRACY RULE BY POPULARLY ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES
PREAMBLE INTRODUCTION TO THE CONSTITUTION
ELASTIC CLAUSE PROVIDED CONGRESS WITH THE POWER TO ENACT ANY LAWS THEY DEEMED NECESSARY TO CARRY OUT ITS OTHER POWERS
EMINENT DOMAIN REFERS TO THE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT OVER PROPERTY IN ITS TERRITORY
INDICTMENT A FORMAL ACCUSATION BY A COURT BEFOE A PERSON IS ARRESTED
GRAND JURY A GROUP OF CITIZENS THAT MEET TO REIEW IF THERE IS ENOUGH EVIDENCE AVAILABLE TO HOLD A TRIAL
DOUBLE JEOPARDY BEING TRIED TWICE FOR THE SAME CRIME
SELF-INCRIMINATION AN ACCUSED PERSON CANNOT BE FORCED TO SAY THINGS THAT WILL BE USED AGAINST HIM OR HERSELF.
BAIL MONEY AN ACCUSED PAYES TO A COURT AS SECURITY SO THAT HE OR SHE NEED NOT REMAIN IN JAIL WHILE AWAITING TRIAL
CITIZEN A PARTICIPATING MEMBER OF A COMMUNITY
NATURALIZATION A LEGAL PROCESS BY WHICH SOMEONE FROM ANOTHER COUNTRY IS MADE INTO A U.S. CITIZEN
CIVIC VIRTUE DOING WHAT IS RIGHT FOR THE COMMUNITY
14TH AMENDMENT STATES THE REQUIREMENTS FOR CITIZENSHIP
REPUBLICANISM A DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT CHOSEN BY THE PEOPLE
15TH AMENDMENT RIGHT TO VOTE CANNOT BE DENIED BASED ON RACE, COLOR OR PREVIOUS CONDITION OF SERVITUDE
19TH AMENDMENT RIGHT TO VOTE CANNOT BE DENIED BASED ON SEX
13TH AMENDMENT OUTLAWED SLAVERY
26TH AMENDMENT GRANTED THE RIGHT TO VOTE FOR THOSE 18 YEARS OF AGE AND OLDER
FEDERAL LAWS LAWS THAT APPLY TO THE ENTIRE COUTRY
BICAMERAL A SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE LEGISLATURE COMPRISES TWO HOUSES
RECESSION AN ECONOMIC DOWNTURN
VIRGINIA PLAN A PLAN PROPOSED AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION; GAVE POWER TO THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE, NUMBER IN BOTH HOUSES BASED ON POPULATION
JUDICIAL REVIEW THE SUPREME COURT'S POWER TO DECLARE ACTS OF CONGRESS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION STRENGTHS SIGNED A TREATY OF ALLIANCE WITH FRANCE IN 1778, SUCCESSFULLY WAGED WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AGAINST BRITAIN, NEGOTIATED TREATED OF PARIS 1783, NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WEAKNESSES CONGRESS HAD NO POWER TO COIN MONEY, UNABLE TO REGULATE INTERSTATE TRADE, UNABLE TO IMPOSE TAXES, NO NATIONAL COURT SYSTEM
JOHN HANCOCK AND PATRICK HENRY PROMINENT ANTI-FEDERALIST
JAMES MADISON, ALEXANDER HAMILTON, AND JOHN JAY PROMINENT FEDERALIST
VETO TO REFUSE TO SIGN A BILL PASSED BY CONGRESS