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MED-TERMS

MEDICAL

TermDefinition
poly-, multi-, many
-ism state of
-ectomy surgical removal
-otomy surgical incision
-ostomy creation of artificial opening
-scope instrument to visually exam
-scopy visual exam
-gram, -graph radio-graphic image
-graphy process of recording a radio-graphic image
-itis inflammation
a-, an- without, No
-rrhea flow, discharge
-rrhage excessive bleeding
-rrhexis rupture
-rrhaphy suture
dys- painful, difficult
peri- surrounding, around
end/o within
hypo- below, deficient
-dipsia
-ia disease, abnormal state, condition of
glyc/o glucose, sugar
gonad/o sex glands
-phagia eating, swallowing
-emia condition of blood
-oma tumor
ophthalum/o eye
exo- outside, outward
-osis unusual condition
leuk/o white
-plasty surgical repair
-pexy surgical fixation
-ologist study of
-lith stone
end/o within, inside
andr/o male
epididym/o epididymis
vas/o vas deferens
balan/o glans penis
orch/o, orchid/o testicles
prostat/o prostate
spermat/o sperm
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
TRUS transrectal ultrasound
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate gland
STD, STI sexually transmitted disease
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
PSA prostate-specific antigen
cervic/o cervix
arche/o first, beginning
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
gyn/o, gynec/o woman
hyster/o, metr/o uterus
mast/o, mamm/o breast
men/o menstruation
oophor/o ovary
salping/o Fallopian tubes, uterine tubes
vulv/o vulva
HPV human papillomavirus
BC birth control
CX cervix
GYN gynecology
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IUD intrauterine device
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual period
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
EDD expected delivery date
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
IVF in-vito infertilazation
LMP last menstrual peroid
OB obstetrics
multip multipara (multiple births)
primip primipara (first birth)
VBAC vaginal birth after cesarean section
DOB date of birth
C-section, CS cesarean section
puerper/o, par/o childbirth
pseud/o false
primi- first
nat/o birth
neo- new
gravid/o pregnancy
amni/o amniotic fluid
acr/o extremities, height
aden/o gland
calc/i calcium
dips/o thirst
endocrin/o endocrine
glyc/o sugar
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
parathyroid parathyroid
FBS fasting blood sugar
DM diabetes mellitus
DI diabetes insipidus
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
cyst/o bladder
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-lithiasis diagnosis of stones
noct/i night
olig/o small, few
ur/o urine
-tripsy surgical crushing
-uria abnormal urination
cath catheterization
UA urinalasis
UTI urinary tract infection
pyle/o renal pelvis
arthr/o joint
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
vetebr/o vetebrae
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
patell/o patella (kneecap)
hyph/o below, lower
lord/o sway
scoli/o curve
lamin/o lamina (flat plate)
myol/o bone marrow
oste/o bone
FX fracture
C1-C7 cervical vertebrae 1-7
T1-T12 thoracic vertebrae 1-12
L1-L5 lumbar vertebrae 1-5
-algia pain
-osis abnormal condition
-decis surgical fixation (fusion)
-malacia softening
-ptosis drooping
inter- between
intra- within
supra- above
-derm, dermat/o, cutane/o skin
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
rytid/o weinkles
xer/o dry
cry/o cold
scler/o hard
melan/o black
erthr/o red
BX biospy
I & D incision and drainage
DECUB pressure ulcer
D & C dilation and curretage
Created by: sandralmaxwell