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FMF (ACE) 127

FMF (ACE) 127 MARINE CORPS AVIATION SAFETY FUNDAMENTALS

QuestionAnswer
define naval aviation mishap an unplanned event or series of events directly involving aircraft or UAVs which damage is more than $10,000 or and injury with any bodily harm
3 classes of mishap class A class B class C
Class A Mishap when damage exceeds $1,000,000 aircraft is destroyed or missing fatality or permanent total disability
Class B Mishap damage is $200,000 - $1,000,000 permanent partial disability hospitalization of 3 or more personnel
Class C Mishap damage is $20,000 - $200,000 injury requiring 5 or more lost work days
Describe Naval Air Training and operating Procedures Standardization (NATOPS) prescribes general flight and operating instructions and procedures for the operation of naval aircraft
Rest and sleep 8 hours of sleep every 24 hours personnel should not be scheduled for continuous alert / flight duty in excess of 18 hours. if exceed 18 hour rule 15 hours of continuous off-duty time shall be provided
daily flight time should not exceed 3 flights or 6 1/2 total hours for single piloted aircraft. flight time for flight personnel should not exceed 12 hours the limitations assume an average of 4 hours ground time for briefing and debriefing
Weekly Maximum flight time 30 hours for single-piloted aircraft 50 hours for flight personnel of other aircraft no more than 6 consecutive days
what are drugs and chemical that when taken causes a physiological response.
what are Legal Drugs those medically prescribed or legally purchased for treatment of illness
Prescription drugs prescribed by competent medical authority shall be considered sufficient cause for recommendation of grounding unless their use is specifically approved by a flight surgeon
Over-the-counter drugs Because of the possibility of adverse side effects and unpredictable reactions, the use of over-the-counter drugs by flight personnel is prohibited unless specifically approved by a flight surgeon
Alcohol Consumption of any type of alcohol is prohibited within 12 hours of flight planning Alcohol can adversely affect the vestibular system for as long as 48 hours after consuming, even when blood-alcohol content is zero.
Tobacco Smoking has been shown to cause lung disease and impair night vision, dark adaptation, and increase susceptibility to hypoxia
Caffeine Caffeine intake should be limited to not more than 450 mg per day, or 3 to 4 cups of coffee.
two types of oxygen used in naval aviation Type I is gaseous oxygen type II is liquid oxygen Oxygen procured under this specification is required to be 99.5 percent pure. The water vapor content must not be more than 0.02 milligrams per liter tested at 21.1°C (70°F) and at sea-level pressure
Technical oxygen both gaseous and liquid The moisture content of technical oxygen is not as rigidly controlled as is breathing oxygen; therefore, the technical grade should never be used in aircraft oxygen systems
4 stages of Hypoxia indifferent compensatory disturbance critical
Disturbance Stage There is no observed impairment
signs of indifferent stage effect is on dark-adaptation, emphasizing the need for oxygen use from the ground up during night flights
Compensatory Stage The physiological adjustments, which occur in the respiratory and circulatory systems, are adequate to provide defense against the effects of hypoxia.
signs of compensatory stage increase in pulse rate, respiratory minute volume, systolic blood pressure, and cardiac output. There is also an increase in fatigue, irritability, and headache, and a decrease in judgment.
disturbance stage physiologic responses are inadequate to compensate for the oxygen deficiency, and hypoxia is evident
signs of disturbance stage headache, fatigue, lassitude, somnolence, dizziness, "air-hunger," and euphoria. At 20,000 feet, the period of useful consciousness is 15 to 20 minutes.
Critical Stage there is almost complete mental and physical incapacitation, resulting in rapid loss of consciousness, convulsions, and finally in failure of respiration and death
Treatment of Hypoxia - Go to 100 percent oxygen if not already on it. - Check oxygen equipment to ensure proper functioning. - Control breathing-reduce the rate and depth. - Descend below 10,000 feet where hypoxia is an unlikely problem. - Communicate problem.
four primary forces affecting flight lift weight trust drag
lift the force that acts in an upward direction to support the aircraft in the air
weight the force of gravity acting downward on the aircraft
thrust the force developed by the aircraft's engine
drag the force that tends to hold an aircraft back
what is a auxiliary power unit (APU) power units furnish electrical power when engine-driven generators are not operating or when external power is not available
Bombs ammunition is carried either in the bomb bay of an aircraft or externally on the wing or fuselage stations characterized by a large high-explosive charge-to-weight ratio
Rockets self-propelled vehicle whose flight trajectory cannot be altered after launch Air-launched weapons are designed to be either rail or ejection launched
what are the two types of rockets used 2.75-inch Mighty Mouse 5.0-inch Zuni
Missiles An unmanned vehicle designed as a weapon that travels above the surface of the earth. This vehicle follows a course or trajectory that is guided by an automatic or remotely controlled mechanism within the vehicle
what is the purpose of the FOD Prevention Program to establish policy, responsibilities, and requirements to prevent damage to aircraft, engines, SE and other aeronautical equipment, and to provide uniform FOD reporting procedures.
Created by: PALDIS