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FMF (Core) 112

FMF (Core) 112 CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOACTIVE, & NUCLEAR (CBRN) DEFENSE FUNDA

QuestionAnswer
Chemical sign Yellow Sign, Red Letters
Biological sign Blue Sign, Red Letters
Radiological sign White Sign, Black Letters
Chemical Minefield sign Red Sign with Yellow Stripe,
M40 Protective Mask Consists of a face piece, filter canister, Dual Voice mitter, inlet and outlet valves, and a water drinking system
CBRN Alarm types Voice Visual percussion
vocal GAS-GAS-GAS
Visual The arms are extended straight out to the side and the hands made into a fist. As the word GAS is said, bend the arms at the elbows so the fists are placed to the ears, then repeat three times.
percussion metal on metal, metal triangles struck repeatedly
Upon receiving the command or detecting a contamination presence The mask must be donned, cleared, and sealed within 9 seconds. An additional 6 seconds is given to put the hood in place.
6 MOPP Levels MOPP Ready MOPP level 0 MOPP level 1 MOPP level 2 MOPP level 3 MOPP level 4
MOPP Ready members carries protective mask
MOPP level 0 members have all MOPP gear but is not wearing it
MOPP level 1 outergarment worn open or closed Booties Carried Mask Carried Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 2 outergarment worn open or closed Booties worn Mask Carried Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 3 outergarment worn open or closed Booties worn Mask warn with hood Open or closed Gloves Carried
MOPP Level 4 outergarment worn Booties worn Mask worn Gloves worn
M9 Paper detects the presence of chemical agents but not identify the agent worn around ankles wrists and biceps on exterior of protective clothing
M8 paper M8 paper is issued with your field protective mask and the M256A1 chemical agent detector kit
M8 Paper "yellow/Gold" Nerve "G series"
M8 Paper "dark Green" Nerve "V Series"
M8 Paper "Pink/Red" Blister "H series"
Immediate decon Minimizes casualties, saves lives and limits spread of contamination. is carried out by individuals upon becoming contaminated
Operational Decon Sustains operations, reduces the contact hazard and limits spread of contamination to eliminate the necessity or reduce the duration of wearing of MOPP gear.
Thorough Decon Reduces or eliminates the need for individual protective clothing . carried out by units with assistance from chemical units to reduce contamination on personnel, equipment, and or working areas to the lowest possible level
Three thorough decon techniques detailed troop decon detailed equipment decon detailed aircraft decon
immediate actions required for a nuclear attack without warning with a weapon drop face down head toward blast, weapon underneath or beside with muzzle angled away from face, remain down for 90 seconds or until debris has stopped falling
immediate actions required for a chemical or biological attack without warning React to a gas attack in 15 seconds or less. Don and clear your gas mask. - Sound the alarm. - Secure weapon, - Check for contamination and decon - Assume appropriate MOPP level as directed. - Continue the mission.
Nerve agents interfer with nerve impulses in the autonomic nervous system odorless, almost colorless liquid
Symptoms of Nerve agents pupils constrict muscular twitching vomiting convulsions
Treatment of Nerve agents atropine & 2-PAM CL
how many are you issued 3 2mg auto-injectors of atropine 3 600mg auto injectors of 2-PAM CL
how often do you administer atropine every 15 mins until a mild atropinization occurs, noted by tachycardia and dry mouth
Self Aid apply firm even pressure to injector until it pushes the needle into thigh. Hold atropine injector firmly in place for at least 10 seconds
Buddy Aid do not use your injectors on a casualty, you may not have any antidote availabe when needed for self aid
Blister Agents "Vesicants" Mustard gas Nitrogen Mustard Lewisite
Mustard "HN &HD" oily, colorless or pale yellow liquids sparingly soluble in water
Symptoms of Mustard eyes are the most vulnerable severe burns in armpits, groin, face and neck blistering begins about 12 to 48 hours
treatment of Mustard remove as much of the mustard as possible treat all symptomsand control infection
Treatment of Lewisite Lewisite is an arsenical British Anti Lewisite(BAL) is available in a peanut oil suspension for injection
Blood Agents Block oxygen Transfer
types of Blood Agents Hydrovyanic Acid (AC) Cyanogen Chloride (CK)
Symptoms of Blood Agents Convulsions after 20 to 30 seconds respiratory failure with cessation of heart within a few mins
Treatment of blood agents Amyl Nitrite in crush ampules and Intravenous sodium thiosulfate solution crush two ampules of amyl nitrite in the hollow of your hand and hold it close to the nose. You may repeat this procedure every few minutes until eight ampules have been used.
Choking Agents Phosgene (CG) Chlorine (CI)
symptoms of choking agents watering eyes coughing tightness of in chest labored breating
Treatment of Choking agents Once symptoms appear, complete bed rest is mandatory
Incapacitating Agents Benziate (BZ) Produce mental confusion and an inability to function intelligently
Symptoms of incapacitating agents abnormal inappropriate behavior delusions or hallucinations decrease in alertness
Treatment for Incapacitating Agents Prevent victims from injuring themselves Physostigmine is the drug treatment of choice
Lacrimators "Tear Gas" CN, CS
Symptoms of Lacrimators Intense pain in the eyes with excessive tearing
treatment for Lacrimators exposure to fresh air and letting wind blow into wide open eyes
Vomiting Agents Adamsite(DM) Diphenychloroarsine (DA) diphenylcyanoarsine (DC)
Symptoms of Vomiting Agents strong pepper like irritation in the upper respiratory track
Treatment of vomiting agents while the mask must be worn, it may be lifted from the face briefly, to permit vomiting or to drain saliva. recovery usually spontaneous and complete within 1 to 3 hours
White Phosphorus (WP) pale waxy solid that ignites on contact with air when burning particles of WP embed in the skin they must be covered with water, wet cloth or mud particles must be removed surgically
Created by: PALDIS