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Chapter 10 Diseses

Diseases caused by endocrine system problems

TermDefinition
Diabetes insipidus (watery urine) Body fails to produce ADH and excess water is released by kidneys
Pituitary Dwarfism Body does not produce enough growth hormone (GH) causing a person to have smaller body characteristics
Gigantism Body produces too much growth hormone (GH) leading to larger than normal body characteristics
Acromegaly Production of excessive growth hormone (GH) during adulthood, leads to an increase in size of bones in the face, fingers, and toes.
Simple/endemic goiter Swelling of the thyroid gland due to a lack of iodine in the diet. The gland swell in the neck.
Congenital hypothyroidism Improper development of the thyroid during childhood. Characterized by short and stocky body proportions
Myxedema (Adult hypothyroidism) Poor thyroid development in adults leads to lethargy, weight gain, puffiness of skin, and lower body temperature.
Grave's Disease (Hyperthyroidism) Caused by an overactive thyroid gland. Produces an exophthalmic goiter and people experience anxiousness, irritability, eye muscles swelling, and insomnia.
Hypocalcemia Caused by a low amount of calcium in the blood and results in seizures and abnormal heart rhythms.
Hypercalcemia Caused by excessive parathyroid hormone (PTH) and too much calcium in the blood. Causes muscle weakness, kidney (renal) failure, and heart failure.
Addison's Disease Caused by a lack of adrenal hormones (ACTH) and results in skin bronzing, susceptibility to infection, low blood pressure, excessive loss of sodium and water from kidneys.
Cushing's Syndrome Caused by hypersecretion of adrenal hormones (ACTH) and body fluids build up, chance of developing diabetes, body trunk swells.
Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1/Insulin dependent) Possibly caused by virus/autoimmune disease that causes the body to fail to produce insulin. Requires daily injections of insulin.
Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2/Insulin independent) Possibly caused by high sugar diets and obesity. The body does not recognize the high blood sugar levels which impacts the body's homeostasis. Can lead to heart disease, stroke , poor blood circulation, blindness, and other conditions.
Created by: Mr.Klein