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Exam 2

Chapter 13 Presidency

Qualification of Presidency Article II, Sec. 1 of the constitution states that the president must be -A natural-born citizen -At least 35 years of age, and a resident of the unites states for at least 14 years
The vice president has the exact qualifications as the president except must be from ? A different state
President role as cheif legislator Influence congress by lobbying its members to oppose legislation -Authority to sign or veto a bill
Chief Economist manger of economy
The president appoints secretaries of the cabinet and heads of other federal gov't agencies charged with developing and implementing policies Chief of Executive
Reflects the chiefs executive embodiment of values and ideals of the nation,both within the united states and abroad Chief of state
The offices,counsels, and boards that help the president carry out his day-to -day responsibilites Executive office of the president
The office that develops policies and protects the presidents legal and political measure The white house
Presidential powers enumerated in the constitution. Powers of the president : Serve as commander in chief, Appoint heads of executive departments, pardon crimes, enter treaties with 2/3 consent of senate. Expressed Powers
Powers explicitly granted to presidents by congressional action Statutory Powers
Special powers of the president includes Executive orders emergency powers and executive privilege
The power of the president to issue orders that carry the force of law Executive order
Broad Powers exercised by the president during times of national crisis. Emergency Powers
(1936) U.S supreme court acknowledge the existence of presidential emergency powers United States v. Curtiss-Wright
The right of the chief executive and members of the administration to withhold information from congress or the courts,or the right to refuse to appear before legislative or judicial bodies Executive Privilege
(1974) Watergate Scandal Court asserted that although executive privilege does exist, it was not applicable regarding the tapes because President Nixon claim if executive privilege concerning the tapes was to broad. United States v. Richard M. Nixon
(1974) Supreme court ruled, that government "carries a burden of showing justification for the imposition of such a restraint." and that the government had failed to meet that burden, thus allowing the continued publication of the papers. The New York Times co. v. The United States
The power of the House of Rep. to formally accuse the president of crimes Impeachment
If a majority of the members of the House of Rep. vote to impeach the president,forward charges against the president during an impeachment is sent to senate Articles of impeachment
which amendment limits the president to 2 terms 22nd Amendment
large organization, such as a government agency with the collection if all national executive branch organizations bureaucracy
people employed in a government executive branch unit to implement public policy; public administrators; public servants. bureaucrats
a process by which the government contracts with a private for-profit or nonprofit organization to provide public services, such as disaster relief, or resources needed by the government, such as fighter planes. Contracting out
Parts of Executive office of President? National Security Council/Office of Management and Budget/Council of Economics Advisors
Biggest Employers in US Bureaucracy? Department of Defense/Postal Service
Outlawed spoils system/patronage (giving positions to donators and supporters for obvious reasons) after Garfield's assassination Pendleton Act of 1883
Civil Service Committee Role? Administer civil servants and monitor to see any traces of spoil system
Office of Personal Management (OPM)? Monitors civil servants and making sure that the bureaucracy is merit-based and not based on favors
Government Accountability Office? Makes sure that the executive branch is properly and efficiently spending the money that Congress appropiates
a personnel system in which bureaucrats are hired on the basis of the principles of competence, equal opportunity (open competition), and political neutrality; once hired, these civil servants have job protection. merit-based civil service
a unique personnel system for top managerial, supervisory, and policy positions offering less job security but higher pay than the merit-based civil service system. senior executive service (SES)
one of fifteen executive branch units responsible for a broadly defined policy area and whose top administrator (secretary) is appointed by the president, is confirmed by the Senate, and serves at the discretion of the president. department
Created by: jennysevere24
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