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Anatomy

TermDefinition
Anter(o) Front
Caud(o) Tail, Downward
Cephal(o) Head, Upward
Dist(o) Away from
Dors(o) Back
Infer(o) Below
Medi(o) Middle
Poster(o) Back, Behind
Proxim(o) Near (proximate)
Super(o) Above
Ventr(o) Front, Belly
Anterior ans ventral when referring to the front of the body. The kneecap for example is found on the anterior side of the leg
Posterior ans dorsal used when referring to the back of the body. the shoulder blades for example, are located on the posterior side of the body.
Cephalad and inferior used when referring to above the waistline. The hand for example, is part of the superior extremity.
Caudal ans inferior used when referring to below the waistline. The foot for example, is part of the inferior extremity
Latheral used when referring to the sides of the body. The little toe for example, is found at the lateral side of the foot
Medial used when referring to the middle of the body. The middle toe for example, if found at the medial side of the foot.
Proximal (closest) used when referring to the center of the body or of the point of attachment, The proximal end of the femur for example, joins with the pelvic bone.
Distal (furthest) used when referring to the outer part of the body, away front eh point attachment or origin, The hand for example, is located at the distal end of the forearm.
Superficial medical meaning referring to something that is on the surface or shallow, the skin is an example, is superior to the muscles. Furthermore, the cornea is to be found on the superficial surface of the eye.
Intermediate (between) used to refer to a structure being or occurring at the middle place. The abdominal muscles for example, are intermediate between the small intestine and the skin.
Deep refers to further away from the surface. the abdominal muscles for example, are deep to the skin.
unilateral meas that a structure is located/ to be found on both sides of the body, such as the arms, legs, eyes, and kidneys.`
Ipsilateral Means that a structure is located/to be found on same side of the body. For example, you could be said that the right earring in the right outside our ipsilateral to one another.
Contralateral Means that a structure is located/to be found on the opposite side of the body. The left ear for example, is contralateral to the right year.
The Frontal or Coronal plane This is a vertical plane that separates the front from the back of the body, I.E he anterior from the posterior and the ventral from the dorsal.
The Sagittal Plane The sagittal plane, also known as lateral, is a vertical plane that separates the body into right and left sides. The mid sagittal or median plane is a specific sagittal plane that divides the body into right and left at the body's exact midline.
The Transverse Plane The transverse plane, also known as horizontal or Axial plane, is a horizontal plane that is run parallel to the ground and through the waistline. It divides the body into upper and lower halves
Dorsal Body Cavity Located on the posterior region of the body
Carnival Cavity Which is enclosed by the skull and contains the brain. The cranial Cavity also called the calvaria.
The Spinal Cavity The spinal cavity is also called the vertebral cavity or vertebral canal
Thoracic or chest Cavity This Cavity contains the esophagus, lungs, heart and aorta
The Abdominopelvic Cavity complies of
Abdominal Cavity Contains the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, gallbladder, pancreases, ureters and kidney
Pelvic Cavity This Cavity contains the urinary bladder, urethra, rectum, uterus, part of the large intestine, and reproductive organs
Nasal cavity Nose
Oral cavity Mouth
Orbital cavities Eyes
Synovial cavities Joint Cavity
Tympanic cavities Surrounds the bones of hr middle ear, also called middle ear cavities
Regions Areas of the body that perform special functions or are supplied by specific blood or nerve cells
Abdominal Area Abdominal are is divided into nine anatomic regions of which facilitates the diagnosis of abdominal problems.
Umbilical region Surrounds the umbilicus. The organs that are found in the umbilical region include the umbilicus, lejunum, lleum, and the duodenum.
Right lumber region Gallbladder, liver, and right colon
Left lumber region Descending colon and the left kidney
Epigastric region Stomach, liver, pancreas, duodenum, spleen, and the adrenal glands.
Right hypochondriac region Liver, gallbladder, right kidney and small intestines
Left hypochondriac region Spleen, colon, left kidney, and the pancreas.
Hypogastric region Urinary bladder, sigmoid colon, and the formal reproduction organs
Right iliac region or fossa Appendix and the Cecum
Left iliac region or fossa Descending colon and the sigmoid colon
Right upper quadrant This is often assist to localize pain as well as tenderness is often tender and clients with cholecystitis, hepatitis, or a developing peptic ulcer
Left upper quadrant This region is often tinder in clients with abnormalities of the intestines and in clients with appendicitis.
Left lover quadrant Located below the umbilicus plane, is usually and painful and clients with ovarian cyst or a pelvic inflammation. Abdominal pain and can also be a symptom of colitis, Diverticulitis, or ureteral colic. Tumors can be indicative of colon or ovarian cancer
Cervical region (abbreviation c) Consist of seven cervical vertebrae, C1 to C7 which are the smallest of the true vertebrae. They are located in the neck region closest to the skull.
Thoracic or dorsal region (abbreviation T or D) Referred to as lower spine between the ribs and hip bone. L1 to L5
Lumber region (abbreviation L) Lower spine L1- to L5
Sacral region (abbreviation S) Five bones are fused together to form one bone the sacrum S1 to S5
Coccygeal region Referred to as tailbone. Composed of four vertebrae that are fused together to form one bone. The coccyx
Created by: rusanysireha