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Chapter 15

Orthopedist Treats bone, joint and muscle conditions
Physiatrist Focuses on rehabilitation of muscles, bones, nerves following injury/illness
Process of bone formation is called: Ossification or osteogenesis
Cells involved in ossification include: Osteoblasts, Osteocytes, Osteoclasts
Osteoblasts and osteoclasts work to do what? Deposit and tear down bone throughout life
Two types of bone include Spongy bone and compact bone
Spongy bone is found in: Ribs, pelvic bones, sternum, vertebrae, epiphyses of long bones.
Spongy bone contains: Red bone marrow which is the site of hematopoiesis
Bone Depressions: Openings or hollow regions help join bones or serve as passageways for nerves and or vessels
Bone Processes Enlarged areas that extend out from bones to serve attachments for muscles, tendones, and ligaments
Bones of the skull (cranium) protect the brain; joined together by....? Sutures
Vertebral Column (5) Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, Coccyx
How many ribs? 12 pairs
Which ribs are "true" ribs? #1-7
Which ribs are "floating" #11&12
Acetabulum Rounded depression in pelvis joins the femur, forming the hip joint
Articular cartilage Thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the join space
Calcium Mineral consituent of bone
Cancellous bone Spongy, porous bone tissue, in inner part of bone
Cartilage Flexible, rubbery connective tissue
Collagen Dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues
Compact bone Hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around outer portion of bones
Skull Bones: Ethmoid, Frontal, Occipital, Parietal, Sphenoid, and Temporal
Diaphysis Shaft or mid portion of a long bone
Ligament Fibrous tissue connecting bones to other bones
Facial Bones: Bones of the face, Lacrimal, Mandibular, Maxillary, Nasal, Vomer, and zygmomatic
Malleolus Round process on both sides of the ankle joint
Manubrium Upper portion of the sternum
Mastoid Process Round Projection on the temporal bone behind the ear
Osteogenesis Bone formation
Osteoblast Bone cell that helps from bony tissue
Osteoclast Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bony tissue
Created by: Sarah93