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Monahan: Ch. One

Directional Terms

QuestionAnswer
What term refers to the belly or front side of the body? anterior or ventral
What term refers to the back side of the body? posterior or dorsal
What term describes a body part that is located above another body part or closer to the head? superior
What term describes a body part that is below another body part or closer to the feet? inferior
What term refers to a body part that is located closer to the midline of the body? medial
What term refers to a body part that is located closer to the side of the body? lateral
What term is used when comparing two body parts on the same limb (arm/leg) and describes a region closer to the point of attachment to the torso? proximal
What term is used when comparing two body parts on the same limb (arm/leg) and describes a region farther from the point of attachment to the torso? distal
What term refers to a layer or tissue closer to the surface (more external) of the body? superficial
What term refers to a layer or tissue beneath another (more internal)in the body? deep
T or F The mouth is superior to the nose. F inferior
T or F The stomach is inferior to the diaphragm. T
T or F The heart is medial to the lungs. T
T or F The hand is proximal to the elbow. F distal
T or F The knee is proximal to the ankle. T
T or F The hypodermis is superficial to the epidermis of the skin. F deeper
T or F The shoulder blades are posterior to the pectoral muscles. T
Name the term that is a synonym for anterior. ventral
Name the term that is a synonym for posterior. dorsal
While in the supine (anatomical) position, the thumbs are in a more medial or lateral position? lateral
Created by: smonahan