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Medical Terminology

Word parts

TermDefinition
acr/o Extremity
aden/o gland
albin/o white
ang/i vessel
caus/o burn/burning
cellul/o little cell
cutane/o skin
derm/a skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
erythr/o red
follicul/o little bag
hidr/o sweat
icter/o jaundice
integument/o A covering
kel/o tumor
kerat/o horn
leuk/o white
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
pachy/o thick
pedicul/o a louse
plak/o plate
prurit/o itching
rhytid/o wrinkle
scler/o hard, hardening
seb/o oil
therm/o hot, heat
trich/o hair
vuls/o to pull
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
oste/o bones
acetabul/o acetabulum
acr/o extremity
ankyl/o stiffening
arthr/o joint
burs/o a pouch
calcan/e heel bone
carp/o wrist
chondr/o cartilage
clavicul/o clavicle
coccyg/o coccyx
coccyg/e coccyx
coll/a glue
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
dactyl/o finger or toe
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
fixat/o fastened
humer/o humerus
ili/o ilium
isch/i ischium, hip
kyph/o a hump
lamin/o lamina
lord/o bending
lumb/o loin, lower back
mandibul/o lower jawbone
maxill/o jawbone
menisc/i crescent
myel/o bone marrow
oste/o bone
patell/o knee cap
ped/o foot
phalange/e phalanges
rad/i radius
radi/o x-ray
rheumat/o discharge
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
scapul/o shoulder blade
scoli/o curvature
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebra
stern/o sternum
tendon/o tendon
tibi/o tibia
tract/o to draw
uln/o ulna
vertebr/o vertebra
xiph/o sword
-porosis pore, or passage
-tome instrument used to cut
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-desis to bind or tie together
-stenosis abnormal narrowing
my/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
myos/o muscle
rhabdomy/o striated muscle
leiomy/o smooth muscle
myocardi/o cardiac muscle
fasci/o sheath surrounding muscle
sarc/o connective tissue
or/o mouth or oral cavity
cheil/o lips
labi/o lips
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
dent/i teeth
gingiv/o gums
tonsill/o tonsils
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
enter/o small intestine
hepat/o liver
cholecyst/o gallbladder
pancreat/o pancreas
col/o large intestine
an/o anus
absorpt/o to take in
aden/o gland
aliment/o nourishment
amyl/o starch
anabol/o building up
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bil/i gall, bile
bucc/o cheek
catabol/o a casting down
celi/o abdomen
chol/e gall, bile
choledoch/o common bile duct
cirrh/o orange-yellow
col/o colon
colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder
dent/o tooth
diverticul/o diverticula
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestine
fibr/o fibrous tissue
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sweet, sugar
halit/o breath
hemat/o blood
hemorrh/o vein liable to bleed
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
lapar/o abdomen
lip/o fat
odont/o tooth
pept/o to digest
pharyng/o pharynx
pil/o hair
prandi/o meal
proct/o anus/rectum
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid
splen/o spleen
stomat/o mouth
verm/i worm
-ase enzymes
-chezia defecation or the elimination of waste
-iasis abnormal condition
-titis inflammation
-meter measure
cardiologist heart specialist
angi/o vessel
angin/o to choke
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty substance
atri/o atrium
auscultat/o listen to
cardi/o heart
circulat/o circular
claudicat/o to limp
corpor/o body
cyan/o dark blue
dilat/o to widen
dynam/o power
ech/o reflected sound
electr/o electricity
embol/o throwing in
infarct/o infarct
isch/o to hold back
lipid/o fat
lun/o moon
man/o thin
mitr/o mitral valve
occlus/o to close up
oxy sour, acid
palpit/o throbbing
pector/o chest
phleb/o vein
pulmon/o lung
rrhythm/o rhythm
scler/o hardening
sept/o a partition
sin/o a curve
sphygm/o pulse
sten/o narrowing
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot of blood
valvul/o valve
vas/o vessel
vascul/o small vessel
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
vers/o turning
atri/o atria
ventricul/o ventricles
pericardi/o pericardium
dys- not working correctly
mal- bad
-emia blood condition
-osis condition, disease
-pathy disease
-ology study of part of the body
-ologist person working with specific part of body or specific disease
-iatry medical treatment
-iatrist person providing specific treatment
aden/o gland
agglutin/o clumping
all/o other
anis/o unequal
bas/o base
calc/o lime, calcium
chromat/o color
coagul/o clots; to clot
cyt/o cell
eosin/o rose-colored
fibrin/o fiber
fus/o to pour
globul/o globe
granul/o little grain, granular
immun/o immunity
lymph/o lymph
macr/o large
neutr/o neither
plasm/o plasma
reticul/o net
septic/o putrefying
ser/o wrinkle
sider/o iron
-cytosis abnormal condition of the cells
-lysis pertaining to destruction
-lytic pertaining to destruction
-poiesis formation
-apheresis take away
-penia deficiency
ana again or anew
-phylaxis protection
inter- between
lymphaden/o lymph nodes
-pathy disorder
dys- difficult
endo- within
eu- good, normal
ex- out
hyper- excessive
hyp- below, deficient
in- in
tachy- rapid
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-ectasis dilation/expansion
-pnea breathing
-ptysis to spit
-plasty surgical repair
-ectomy surgical excision
-stomy new opening
-centesis surgical procedure
alveol/o small air sac
anthrac/o coal
aspirat/o to draw in
atel/o imperfect
bronch/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cheil/o lip
con/i dust
cyst/o sac
halat/o breathe
laryng/o larynx, voicebox
lob/o lobe
mes/o middle
nas/o nose
olfact/o smell
or/o mouth
orth/o straight
ox/o oxygen
palat/o palate
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o air
pneumon/o lung
py/o pus
respirat/o breathing
rhin/o nose
rhonch/o snore
sarc/o flesh
spir/o breath
theli/o nipple
trache/o trachea
tubercul/o a little swelling
ventilat/o to air
albumin/o protein
bacteri/o bacteria
calc/i calcium
corpore/o body
cutane/o skin
cyst/o bladder
excret/o sifted out
glomerul/o glomerulus, little ball
glycos/o glucose, sugar
keton/o ketone
lith/o stone
meat/o passage
micturit/o to urinate
nephr/o kidney
noct/o night
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
scler/o hardening
son/o sound
ur/o urine, urinate
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
crin/o to secrete
acid/o acid
acr/o extremity, point
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
andr/o man
cortic/o cortex
estr/o mad desire
galact/o milk
ger/o old age
gigant/o giant
gonad/o seed
hirsut/o hairy
hormon/o hormone
insulin/o insulin
kal/i potassium
myx/o mucus
nephr/o kidney
opthalm/o eye
ster/o solid structure
test/o testicle
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid, shield
toxic/o poison
trop/o turn
vas/o vessel
viril/o masculine
hypo- low, under, below normal
-ism condition
alges/o excessive sensitivity to pain
-algesia excessive sensitivity to pain
neur/o nerves
-algia pain
cephal/o head
cerebell/o little brain
cerebr/o cerebrum
chrom/o color
cran/i skull
crani/o skull
dendr/o tree
disk/o a disk
dur/o dura, hard
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
esthesi/o feeling
gli/o glue
hypn/o sleep
lamin/o thin plate
later/o side
lob/o lobe
mening/i membrane, meninges
mening/o membrane, meninges
ment/o mind
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
narc/o numbness, sleep, stupor
pallid/o globus pallidus
papill/o papilla
phe/o dusky
poli/o gray
somn/o sleep
spin/o a thorn, spine
spondyl/o vertebra
vag/o vagus, wandering
ventricul/o ventricle
ambly/o dull
anis/o unequal
blephar/o eyelid
choroid/o choroid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cry/o cold
cycl/o ciliary body
dacry/o tear duct
dipl/o double
foc/o focus
goni/o angle
irid/o iris
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tear duct
lent/o lens
metr/o measure
mi/o less, small
ocul/o eye
opthalm/o eye
opt/o eye
ortho/o straight
phac/o lens
phak/o lentil, lens
phot/o light
presby/o old
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
scler/o hardening
stigmat/o point
ton/o tone, tension
trich/o hair
trop/o turn
uve/o uvea
xen/o foreign material
xer/o dry
audi/o to hear
aur/o ear
aur/i ear
auricul/o ear
acous/o hearing
chol/e gall or bile
cochle/o cochlea
-cusis hearing
-acusis hearing
labyrinth/o maze, inner ear
mast/o mastoid process
myring/o eardrum, tympanic membrane
ossicul/o ossicles
-otia ear
presby/o old
salping/o eustachian tube
staped/o stapes, stirrup
steat/o fat
tympan/o eardrum, tympanic membrane
vestibul/o vestibule
cancer/o crab, cancer
capsul/o little box
carcin/o cancer
chondr/o cartilage
chori/o chorion
dendr/o tree
duct/o to lead
filtrat/o to filter
gli/o glue
immun/o safe, immunity
lei/o smooth
malign/o bad kind
medull/o marrow
melan/o black
mucos/o mucus
mutat/o to change
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
oste/o bone
palliat/o cloaked
remiss/o remit
reticul/o net
retin/o retina
rhabd/o rod
sarc/o flesh
semin/o seed
stom/o mouth
suppress/o suppress
terat/o monster
thym/o thymus
tox/o poison
vir/o virus
xer/o dry
cyst/o sac of fluid
mucos/o mucus membrane
necr/o death
alveol/o small sac
scirrh/o hard
meta- change
-stasis place
tele- far
meta- beyond
ana- backward
apo- off
brachy- short
epi- upon
gynec/o woman
log/o study of
-ist specialist
salping/o fallopian tube
ovari/o ovary
oophor/o ovary
ovul/o ova (egg)
ov/o Ova (egg)
o/o ova (egg)
abort/o miscarry
cervic/o cervix, neck
coit/o coming together
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
hyster/o womb, uterus
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o month, mensus, menstration
metr/o womb uterus
pareun/o lying beside, sexual intercourse
rect/o rectum
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
venere/o sexual intercourse
vers/o turning
andr/o male
balan/o glans penis
cis/o to cut
crypt/o hidden
didym/o testis
ejaculat/o to throw out
gon/o genitals
mit/o thread
orch/o testicle
orchid/o testicle
prostat/o prostate
scrot/o scrotom
sperm/o seed, sperm
sperm/i seed, sperm
spermat/o seed, sperm
testicul/o testicle
varic/o twisted veiin
vas/o vessel
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
zo/o animal
-genesis formation
-one hormone
oligos- few, little
-ia condition of
act/o acting
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
bronch/o bronchus
cinemat/o motion
digit/o finger or toe
encephal/o brain
fluor/o fluorescense, luminous
gen/o kind
myel/o spinal cord
oscill/o to swing
physic/o nature
pyel/o renal, pelvis
sial/o salivary
son/o sound
therapeut/o treatment
tom/o to cut
tract/o to draw
ven/o vein
agor/a marketplace
anxi/o uneasy, anxious
aut/o self
centr/o center
cycl/o circle, cycle
delus/o to cheat
hallucin/o hallucination
path/o disease
phil/o attraction to, love
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
schiz/o to divide
somat/o body
thym/o mind, emotion
-genic produced by
-mania obsessive
-phobia disabling fear
-ic pertaining to
a- no, not, without, lack of, apart
ab- away from
ad- toward, near
ambi- both, both sides, around, about
an- no, not, without, lack of
ana- up, apart, backward, again, anew
ant- against
ante- before, forward
anti- against
apo- seperation
astro- star-shaped
auto- self
bi- two, double
bin- twice, two
brachy- short
brady- slow
cac- bad
centi- one hundred, one hundreth
chromo- color
circum- around
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
de- down, away from
deca- ten
di- two, double
dia- di(a) through, between, complete
dif- apart, free from, seperate
di(s)- two, apart
dis- apart
dys- bad, difficult, painful, abnormal
ec- out, outside, outer
ecto- out, outside, outer
em- in
en- in, within
end- within, inner
endo- within, inner
ep- upon, over, above
epi- upon, over, above
eso- inward
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away from
exo- out, away from
extra- outside, beyond
hemi- half
heter- different
hetero- different
homeo- similar, same, likeness, constant
homo- similar, same
hydr- water
hyp- below deficient
hyper- above, beyond, excessive
hypo- below, under, deficient
in- in, into, not
infer- below
inter- between
intra- within
ir- in
mal- bad
mega- large, great
meso- middle
meta- beyond, over, between, change
micro- small
milli- one-thousandth
mon(o)- one
mono- one
multi- many, much
neo- new
nulli- none
olig- little, scanty
oligo- little, scanty
pan- all
par- around, beside
para- beside, alongside, abnormal
per- through
peri- around
poly- many, much, excessive
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
primi- first
pro- before, in front of
proto- first
pseudo- false
pyro- fire
quadri- four
re- back, backward, again
retro- backward
semi- half
sub- below, under, beneath
super- upper, above
supra- above, beyond, superior
sym- together, with
syn- together, with
tachy- rapid, fast
trans- across
tri- three
ultra- beyond
un- back, reversal, not, annulment
uni- one
abdomin abdomen
absorpt, absorpt/o to suck in
acanth thorn
acetabul, acetabul/o acetabulum, hip socket
acid, acid/o acid
acoust hearing
actin ray
acute sharp
adhes stuck to
agglutinat clumping
agglutin/o clumping
agon, agon/o agony
albumin, albumin/o protein
all, all/o other
alveol, alveol/o small, hollow air sac
ambly, ambly/o dull
amputat, amputat/o to cut through
ambul to walk
amni/o amniotic fluid
amyl, amyl/o starch
angin, angin/o to choke
anter, anter/o toward the front
append, append/o appendix
appendic, appendic/o appendix
arachn spider
arche beginning
arous alertness, to rise
atel, atel/o imperfect
ather, ather/o fatty substance, porridge
atri, atri/o atrium
audi/o to hear
auditor hearing
aur, aur/i ear
auscultat, auscultat/o listen to
aut self
axill armpit
bacteri/o bacteria
bartholin bartholin glands
bi/o life
blast/o germ cell
blephar, blephar/o eyelid
brach/i, brachi/o arm
burs, burs/o pouch
calcan/e heel bone
capn smoke
cartil grissle
castr to prune
caud, caud/o tail
cavit cavity
celi, celi/o abdomen, belly
cephal, cephal/o head
cept receive
cerebell, cerebell/o little brain
cervic, cervic/o cervix, neck
chem/o chemical
chir/o hand
chlor/o green
choledoch/o common bile duct
chord cord
chori/o chorion
choroid, choroid/o choroid
chym juice
cine motion
cirrh, cirrh/o orange-yellow
claudicat, claudicat/o to limp
cleid/o clavicle
clon/o turmoil
coagul, coagul/o to clot
cochle/o land snail
coit, coit/o coming together
coll/a glue
collis neck
Created by: Tdb83188