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Chapter 12 Terms

The Renaissance

Renaissnace The "rebirth" of classical culture that occurred in Italy between 1350 and 1550; era of new intellectual thought and political and artistic change
Northern Renaissance Term used to describe a Renaissance in Europe anywhere other than Italy(Low Countries), spread of humanist ideas; new religious interpretation and led into Reformation
Humanism Intellectual movement in Renaissance Italy based on the study of Greek and Roman classics, gave importance to secularism and individualism
Secularism Movement in Renaissance, directed away from other worldliness and towards life on Earth
Individualism Emphasis on and interest in the unique traits of each person; made people believe their life took precedence
Civic Humanism Intellectual movement of the Italian Renaissance that saw Cicero as the ideal and held that humanists should use their training in government
Printing Press A machine used to print text or pictures, invented between 1445-1450; spread ideas across Europe faster
Secular Belief in separation of government institutions from religious ones; gave church less political power
Protestant Reformation Religious revolution initiated by Luther, schism of Catholics and Protestants
Patronage of the Arts Supporting/ giving money to certain artists or those who work in the arts; encouraged artists to keep creating
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian diplomat/politician and writer after his exile in 1512, author of "The Prince
Lorenzo Valla Roman papal secretary, proved the "Donation of Constantine" a forgery, author of "The Elegances of the Latin Language"
Marsalis Ficino Leader of Florentine Platonic Academy and translator of Plato's works
Pico Della Mirandola Italian Hermetic/magi, pupil of Ficino, author of "Oration on the Dignity of Man"
Leonardo Bruni Florentine humanist, chancellor, and author of "The New Cicero"
Jean Bodin Late sixteenth century political theorist
Baldassare Castiglione Italian writer and author of "The Book of the Courtier", proper social graces for nobles
Francesco Guicciardini Italian historian, humanist, and author of 2 prominent history works of Italy and Florence
Michelangelo Painter, sculptor and architect of the High Renaissance, painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Donatello Florentine sculptor that studied his trade in Rome
Raphael Italian painter in the High Renaissance, painted 'The School of Athens'
Leon Battista Alberti Florentine humanist and architect
Filipo Brunelleschi Renaissance architect that reintroduced the dome to the Italians and built Il Duomo
Leonardo Da Vinci High Renaissance artist and scientist; painted 'The Mona Lisa'
Jan Van Eyck Northern Renaissance artist, one of the first artists to use oil paint
Pieter Brughel the Elder Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painter
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain Monarchs of Spain, unified Spain under authority by purging minorities and controlling the Church
Star Chamber Court established by Henry VIII that did not use juries and could use torture to get confessions
Created by: Alex_Hayes