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History Of Medicine

Video + Worksheet

Clara Barton Founded the American Red Cross in 1881
Chinese Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion
Marie Curie Isolated radium in 1910
Leonardo Da Vinci Artist who used dissection to draw the human body
Dark Ages Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited
Egyptians Earliest people known to maintain accurate health programs
Gabriel Fahrenheit Created the First mercury thermometer
Sir Alexander Flemming Discovered pencillin in 1928
William Harvery Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart
Hipprocrates The father of medicine
Edward Jenner Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Robert Koch Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Joseph Lister Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Gregory Mendel Established the patterns of heredity
Florence Nightingale Founder of modern nursing
Louis Pasteur Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
Rhazes An arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
William Roentgen Discovered x-rays in 1895
Romans Began public health and sanitation systems
Jonas Salk Developed the polio vaccine in 1952
James Lind discovered the need for vitamin c in a diet
Ignaz Semmelweis made the connection between bacteria and infenction
Dr. Horace Wells, William Morton, & Crawford Long all three doctors claim to have discovered anesthesia
Karl Landsteiner discovered the four blood types, A,B,AB,O
Adreas Vesalius investigated anatomy by disecting bodies
Luk Montagnier and Robert Gallo Montagnier~ Virologist, 2008 Nobel prize for discovering AIDS Gallo~ AIDS research, HIV, antiviral drug therapy
Gerhard Domagk discovered Sulfa drugs in 1935
Michael Bishop & Harold Varmus researched and discovered cancer causing genes
Sir Frederick Grant Banting, Charles Best, and John James Rickard Macleod studied how insulin affects the body
Howard Florey & Erns Chains purified pencillin
What did ancient people think was the cause of diseas and illness? Evil spirits, demon's, and god's punishments
List 4 things Hippocrates stressed to help the body heal itself? Good diet, cleanliness, clean water, good sanitation
What is the Rod of Asclepius? Asclepius is the God of medicine and healing
In the dark ages, what was the main method used to treat illnesses and dieases? Stressed prayers
List at least 4 diseases that shortened the life span of individuals in the Middle Ages? small pox, typhus, scurvy, bubonic plague
Why was dissection a major advance in health care during the Renaissance? helped people understand the parts of the body
What was the significance of the invention of the microscope in 1666? to see organisms too small for the human eye to see
What did apothecaries use to make many of the medications in the 17th century? Plants & herbs
Why was the invention of the stethoscope in 1819 important? it allowed to listen to internal body sounds; knowledge of body
Identify 4 women who made important contributions to the advance of health care. 1. Clara Barton: found the red cross in 2. Florence Nightingale: founder of modern nursing 3. Marie Carie: isolated radium 4. Dorothea Dix: superintendent of female nursed in the army
Created by: antoinettecalvo