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Quick & Easy MT Ch 6

Quick & Easy MT Ch 6 The Muculoskeletal System

QuestionAnswer
clavicul/o clavicle / collarbone
crani/o cranium / skull
cost/o costa / rib
scapul/o scapula / shoulder blade
stern/o sternum / breastbone
rachi/o spine
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebrae
vertebr/o vertebrae
thoracic/o thoracic vertabrae
cervic/o cervical vertabrae
lumb/o lumbar vertabrae
sacr/o sacrum
coccyg/o coccyx
humer/o humerus upper arm bone
radi/o radius bone of forearm
uln/o ulna bone of forearm
carp/o carpals bones of the wrist
metacarp/o metacarpals bones of the hand
phalang/o phalanges bones of the fingers
ili/o ilium pelvic bone
ischi/o ischium pelvic bone
pub/o pubis pelvic bone
femor/o femur thigh bone
patell/o patella kneecap
fibul/o fibula bone of lower leg
tibi/o tibia bone of lower leg
tars/o tarsals ankle bones
calcane/o calcaneus heel bone
metatars/o metatarsals bones of the feet
phalang/o phalanges bones of the toes
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o articulation, joint
-asthenia weakness
burs/o bursa
calc/i calcium
chondr/o cartilage
de- down, from, or reversing
meta- change or next in series
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tenomyoplasty surgical repair of tendon
myolysis destruction of muscle
myocellulitis inflammation of cellular tissue and muscle
myofibrosis condition in which muscle tissue is replaced by fibrous tissue
myocele condition in which muscle protrudes through its fascial covering
muscular dystrophy familial disease char by progressive wasting of muscle
myasthenia muscular weakness
myalgia muscle pain
osteoarthritis degenerative joint disease - form of arthritis, loss of articular cartilage
articulation the place of union between two or more bones
bursae sacs of fluid located in areas of friction esp in the joints
Ligaments connect bones/bones
tendons connect bones to muscle
dislocation displacement of bone from a joint
fracture break of bone
sprain injury to a joint that causes pain and disability
strain excessive use of a part of the body to the extent that it is injured
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon
paraplegia paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
quadriplegia paralysis of the arms and legs
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
kyphosis curvature of spin from front to back (humpback)
compound fracture bone is broken and protrudes through the skin
dislocation diplacement of a bone from a joint
simple fracture bone is broken but does not protrude through the skin
gout marked by inflammation of the joints resulting from hyperuricemia
leukemia unrestrained growth of leukocytes and their precursors
multiple myeloma char by many tumor masses in the bone and bone marrow
sarcoma cancer that arises from connective tissue
antiinflammatories drugs used to reduce inflammation and pain
closed reduction pulling a broken bone into alignment without surgery
internal fixation surgery that uses pins or other materials to immobilize a broken bone
open reduction exposing a broken bone by surgery and aligning it
ostectomy excision of a bone
clavicul/o clavicle / collarbone
crani/o cranium / skull
cost/o costa / rib
scapul/o scapula / shoulder blade
stern/o sternum / breastbone
rachi/o spine
spin/o spine
spondyl/o vertebrae
vertebr/o vertebrae
thoracic/o thoracic vertabrae
cervic/o cervical vertabrae
lumb/o lumbar vertabrae
sacr/o sacrum
coccyg/o coccyx
humer/o humerus upper arm bone
radi/o radius bone of forearm
uln/o ulna bone of forearm
carp/o carpals bones of the wrist
metacarp/o metacarpals bones of the hand
phalang/o phalanges bones of the fingers
ili/o ilium pelvic bone
ischi/o ischium pelvic bone
pub/o pubis pelvic bone
femor/o femur thigh bone
patell/o patella kneecap
fibul/o fibula bone of lower leg
tibi/o tibia bone of lower leg
tars/o tarsals ankle bones
calcane/o calcaneus heel bone
metatars/o metatarsals bones of the feet
phalang/o phalanges bones of the toes
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o articulation, joint
-asthenia weakness
burs/o bursa
calc/i calcium
chondr/o cartilage
de- down, from, or reversing
meta- change or next in series
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tenomyoplasty surgical repair of tendon
myolysis destruction of muscle
myocellulitis inflammation of cellular tissue and muscle
myofibrosis condition in which muscle tissue is replaced by fibrous tissue
myocele condition in which muscle protrudes through its fascial covering
muscular dystrophy familial disease char by progressive wasting of muscle
myasthenia muscular weakness
myalgia muscle pain
osteoarthritis degenerative joint disease - form of arthritis, loss of articular cartilage
articulation the place of union between two or more bones
bursae sacs of fluid located in areas of friction esp in the joints
Ligaments connect bones/bones
tendons connect bones to muscle
dislocation displacement of bone from a joint
fracture break of bone
sprain injury to a joint that causes pain and disability
strain excessive use of a part of the body to the extent that it is injured
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon
paraplegia paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
quadriplegia paralysis of the arms and legs
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
kyphosis curvature of spin from front to back (humpback)
compound fracture bone is broken and protrudes through the skin
dislocation diplacement of a bone from a joint
simple fracture bone is broken but does not protrude through the skin
gout marked by inflammation of the joints resulting from hyperuricemia
leukemia unrestrained growth of leukocytes and their precursors
multiple myeloma char by many tumor masses in the bone and bone marrow
sarcoma cancer that arises from connective tissue
antiinflammatories drugs used to reduce inflammation and pain
closed reduction pulling a broken bone into alignment without surgery
internal fixation surgery that uses pins or other materials to immobilize a broken bone
open reduction exposing a broken bone by surgery and aligning it
ostectomy excision of a bone
Created by: MrsSlagter