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It's All an Act

Causes of the American Revolution- No Taxation without Representation

TermDefinition
French and Indian War During the war, Parliament decided that neglecting the colonies was an unwise policy. The British emerged from this war with a giant national debt.
Proclamation of 1763 Parliament prohibited American settlers from moving west of the Appalachians
Sugar Act (1764) Parlimen taxes sugar. Before this, only the colonial legislatures had the power to raise taxes. From then on, violators were taken to England tried in Vice-Admiralty courts. This denied them the right to trial by a jury of their peers.
Currency Act Parliament prohibits the colonies from printing their own paper money. Before this, the colonial legislatures had the right to print money.
Quartering Act (1765) Parliament orders the colonial legislatures to feed and house the British troops. The Americans came to regard the British soldiers as an occupation army. In 1767, when New York ignored the law, Parliament suspended the colonial legislature.
Stamp Act (1765) Parliament taxed legal documents, license and diplomas, almanacs and newspapers. The American believed only their colonial legislatures could raise taxes.
Sons of Liberty In Boston, Sam Adams founded this group to protest the Stamp Act
Stamp Act Congress The 13 colonies met to protest the Stamp Act. The most effective protest was an economic boycott of all British goods.
Declaratory Act (1766) Parliament repealed the Stamp Act. Parliament had the right to make laws for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever" Parliament regarded the colonial legislature as irrelevant.
Townshend Act (1767) Parliament taxed everyday necessities- glass, paper, lead, paint. From then on, Writs of Assistance meant illegal search and seizure.
Boston Massacre To enforce the Townshend Acts, Parliament sent British troops to Boston. The Redcoats and Sons of Liberty clashed, killing five Americans
The Tea Act (1773) Parliament gave the British East India Company a monopoly on the tea trade. If British monopoly could destroy tea merchants, it could destroy all merchants.
Boston Tea Party The Sons of Liberty, discussed as Indians, dumped the tea in Boston Harbor.
Intolerable Acts (1774) The British closed Boston Harbor! revoked the royal charter of Massachusetts. Closed down the colonial legislatures. Closed the courts. Banned town meetings. Imposed martial law and put 4,000 British soldiers in private homes.
The Quebec Act Quebec was extended to the region west of the Appalachian Mountains. This meant American colonists could never move west of the Appalachians
House of Burgesses It was the first democratically elected body in the English colonies
First Continental Congress It met for the first time in Philadelphia. Send a letter to the King of England. Promised obedience to the King. Petitioned the King to recognize the colonists' rights as English citizens. Parliament had no right to tax the colonies. Attached the Into
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