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Quick & Easy MT ch 4

Quick & Easy MT Ch 4 Diagnostic Procedures and Therapeutic Interventions

ech/o sound
son/o sound
electr/o electricity
fluor/o emitting or reflecting light
radi/o radiant energy
tom/o to cut
ultra- excessive
algesi/o sensitivity to pain
chem/o chemical
pharmac/o drugs or medicine
pharmaceut/i drugs or medicine
plast/o repair
therapeut/o treatment
tox/o poison
-therapy treatment
Diagnosis identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests and procedures.
Prognosis the predicted outcome of a disease
Acute having a short and relatively severe course
Chronic the disease exists over a LONG period of time
Signs Objective, evidence of an illnes or disordered function that are erceived by an examiner (fever, rash, xray, tests)
Symptoms subjective evidence as perceived by the patient (pain, dizzy, nausea)
specimen a small sample or part taken from the body to represent the nature of the whole
pulse rhythmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats
respiration rate the number of breaths per minute
systolic pressure the measurement of the heart as it beats
diastolic pressure the measurement of the heart at rest
inspection examiner uses the eyes and ears to observe and listen to the patient
palpation the examiner feels the texture, size, consistency and location of certain body parts with the hands
percussion the examiner taps the body with the fingertips or fist to evaluate the size, borders and consistency of internal organs and to determine the amount of fluid in a body cavity
auscultation the examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines, or other organs, or to detect the fetal heart sound
stethoscope instrument consisting of two earpieces connected by flexible tubing; the diaphragm is placed against the patient's skin to hear sounds within the body
radiograph xray image
radiopaque susbstances that do not permit the passage of xrays
radiolucent substances that readily permit the passage of xrays
tomogram record produced by a CT scan
Computed Tomography scan - uses ionizing radiation to produce a detailed image of a cross section of tissue
Magnetic resonance Imaging visualizes internal structures based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body.
ultraonography imaging deep structures of the body by process of sending and receiving high-frequency sound waves that are reflected back as echoes from tissue interfaces
fluoroscopy method of viewing the xray image directly in real time so that motion can be seen
pharmaceuticals medicinal drugs
radiotherapy treatment of tumors using radioation to destroy cancer cells
Therapeutic pertaining to therapy
blood pressure pressure exerted by circulating volume of blood on the walls of the arteries and veins and on the chambers of the heart
Created by: MrsSlagter