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Ch. 3 Pharmacology

Medication classifications & uses

QuestionAnswer
analgesics: relieve pain ex: acetaminophen, hydrocodone
antacids/anti-ulcer: neutralize stomach acid ex: esomeprazole, calcium carbonate
antibiotics: kill bacteria ex:amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin
anticholinergics: reduce bronchospasm ex: ipratropium, dicyclomine
anticoagulants: delay blood clothing ex: warfarin, enoxaparin, heparin
anticonvulsants: prevent or control seizures ex: clonazepam, phenytoin, gabapentin
antidepressants: relieve depression ex: doxepin, fluoxetine, duloxetin, selegiline
antidiarheals: reduce diarrhea ex: bismuth subsalicylate, loperamide
antiemetics: reduce nausea & vomiting ex: metoclopramide, ondansetron
antifungals: kill fungi ex: fluconazole, nystatin, miconazole
antihistamines: relieve allergies ex: diphenhydramine, cetirizine, loratadine
antihypertensives: lower blood pressure ex: metoprolol, lisinopril, valsartan, clonidine
anti-inflammatories: reduce inflammation ex: ibuprofen, celecoxib, naproxen
antilipemics: lower cholesterol ex: atorvastatin, fenofibrate
antimigraine agents: relieve migraine headaches ex: topiramate, sumatriptan
anti-osteoporosis agents: improve bone density ex: alendronate, ibandronate, calcitonin
antipsychotics: control psychotic symptoms ex: quetiapine, haloperidol, risperidone
antipyretics: reduce fever ex: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin
antispasmodics: muscle relaxants ex: cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol
antitussives: expectorants, control cough, eliminate mucus ex: dextromethorphan, codeine, guaifenesin
antivirals: kill viruses ex: acyclovir, interferon, oseltamivir
anxiolytics: reduce anxiety ex: clonazepam, diazepam, lorazepam
bronchodilators: relax airway muscles ex: albuterol, isoproterenol, theophyline
central nervous system stimulants: reduce hyperactivity ex: methylphenidate, modafinil
contraceptives: prevent pregnancy ex: medroxyprogesterone acetate, ethinyl estradiol
decongestants: relieve nasal congestion ex: pseudoephedrine, mometasone
diuretics: eliminate excess fluid ex: furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide
hormone replacement: stabilize hormone deficiency ex: levothyroxine, insulin, desmopressin, estrogen
laxatives: promote bowel movement (stool softener) ex: magnesium hydroxide, bisacodyl
oral hypoglycemics: reduce blood glucose ex: metformin, arcabose, glyburide
sedative-hypnotics: induce sleep/relaxation ex: zolpidem, temazepam, eszopiclone
Created by: sam21alvarado